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Maryland's National Register Properties



Photo credit: MHT File Photo, Historic Postcard
Queen City Hotel [Demolished]
Inventory No.: AL-IV-A-120
Other Name(s): Queen City Station Hotel
Date Listed: 3/12/1971
Location: Park Street & Harrison Street , Cumberland, Allegany County
Category: Building
Period/Date of Construction: 1871-1872
Description: The Queen City Hotel was a large, highly ornamented brick station hotel which was demolished in 1972. The 140' long central block was two monumental stories tall, with a dining room occupying its entire length. The north and south wings measured 48' by 84' and were four stories tall. These hip-roofed end wings framed the central section which faced the railroad tracks to the west. Centered on the roof of the hotel was a large octagonal wooden cupola on a square wooden base. The windows on each side of the octagonal lantern had double rounded tops, vaguely Romanesque, and were flanked by fluted columns, which supported an entablature which formed the base of the cupola's low, metal dome. The entire hotel was highly ornamented. The main cornice was bracketed with dentils. This ornamental detail was also found on the square cupola base. The first and second story windows were 9/9, while the third and fourth story windows were 6/6. Elaborate corbeled and paneled chimneys rose from various points around the roof, near the roof edges. A wide wooden porch supported by floral wrought ironwork extended across the entire western facade of the hotel, paralleling the railroad tracks. Below the porch was a moat-like areaway, servicing a full basement which originally contained a billiard room, restaurant, laundry, storage rooms, and fuel cellars. Significance: The Queen City Railroad Station and Hotel was significant for its association with the history of the development of the B & O Railroad Company, the first major American railroad, and a pioneer in the development of engineering. It was also one of the few stations in a hotel in the United States. An important historic structure to the citizens of Cumberland, the hotel reflected the significant role hotels played in the development of American urban communities. It was a social center for both private and public gatherings. In addition to its importance to the local community, the Queen City Hotel served as a summer resort hotel, providing an escape from the summer heat for city residents to the east. As an example of late-19th century Italianate architecture, sometimes called the "President Grant" style, the Queen City Hotel exemplified a period of American taste, part of our architectural heritage.
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