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Maryland's National Register Properties



Photo credit: Jennifer K. Cosham, 04/10/2004
Middletown Historic District
Inventory No.: F-4-39
Date Listed: 12/24/2003
Location: Middletown, Frederick County
Category: District
Period/Date of Construction: 1767-1947
Resources: 261 (191 contributing, 29 non-contributing)
Description: Middletown Historic District, located on the Old National Pike about halfway between Frederick and Boonsboro. Middletown's lots were laid out primarily along the north and south sides of West Main Street. As the town grew to the east, Main Street was divided between East and West, with Church Street serving as the dividing line. Two large cemeteries are located within the historic district. The German Reformed Cemetery fronts onto East Main Street and dates to the settlement period of Middletown; it includes the graves of veterans from the Revolutionary War through the conflicts of the 20th century. The Lutheran Cemetery was moved to its Green Street location in 1928 and also includes a number of veteran interments. Historically Middletown was a bustling turnpike and interurban electric railway town with hotels, stores, and industries as well as a wide variety of houses. Middletown today retains much of its historic appearance, including many of its 19th century storefronts. However, the town now serves primarily as a bedroom community with greatly reduced commercial activity. The decline was influenced by the re-routing of U.S. Route 40 to the north in 1936, the loss of the electric railway in 1947, and the construction of Interstate 70 in the 1960s. The streetscape of the Middletown Historic District reflects the historic development of the town through several periods. Although most of the settlement period buildings were probably replaced in the mid 19th century, there are a few scattered buildings from the late 18th century, primarily of log construction. Later brick and log buildings from the early to mid 19th century, associated with the increased traffic along the National Pike, are located along Main and Jefferson Streets and reflect a melding of the Germanic vernacular with the nationally popular Greek Revival architectural style. In the second half of the 19th century, prosperity in the fertile Middletown Valley brought the addition of numerous Victorian period houses and storefronts. Many houses along West Main Street were modified with Gothic Revival stylistic elements, primarily on porches and with the addition of central cross-gables to the roofline. The larger High Victorian Gothic, Queen Anne style, and Colonial Revival houses along East Main Street, several used as tourist boarding houses, mark the coming of the electric railway in the last decade of the 19th century. Along the north side of East Main Street the houses in the 300 and 400 blocks have a particularly wide setback resulting from the railway right-of-way, the only real residual evidence remaining in Middletown of the electric railway's existence. The first three decades of the 20th century, the final period of significant growth in Middletown, are identified by the Prospect Street School, Colonial Revival houses, and numerous porch additions, Classical Revival commercial buildings, and a number of industrial-use buildings. Significance: The Middletown Historic District is significant as an important center of transportation and commerce for the west-central Maryland region from the late 18th century through the early 20th century. The town enjoys an advantageous position on an important transportation route. Beginning in the 18th century, the little village in the "middle" of the valley provided a variety of services for travelers to the western "Barrens" of the Maryland colony, including lodging, blacksmithing, harness and wagon repairs, as well as spiritual sustenance in the churches established from the earliest years. Following the construction of the National Road and pike system, Middletown grew in importance as a center of commerce and culture for the valley throughout the 19th century. Its importance as a transportation hub was reinforced with the establishment of the Frederick and Middletown interurban electric railway line which eventually led to Hagerstown further west. In 1936 the new Route 40 was constructed between Frederick and Hagerstown, bypassing Middletown and undermining its central status. The closing of the electric railway line in 1947 further marginalized Middletown. The Middletown Historic District derives additional significance for its cohesive collection of architectural resources including residential, commercial, and ecclesiastical buildings reflecting a wide range of stylistic influences which mark the important periods of growth and construction in the town. Although little remains from the period of Middletown's initial settlement, the streetscape retains a number of late-18th century and early-19th century buildings of log and brick construction, which reflect the Germanic vernacular influence present throughout west-central Maryland. Several church buildings and numerous commercial buildings mark the mid-19th century construction period, and a noteworthy collection of Late Victorian period dwellings identify the late-19th and early-20th century expansion of the town to the east.

District Resources (261) (191 contributing, 29 non-contributing)

From associated listing in National Register nomination form. C = Contributing, NC = non-contributing, blank = not evaluated.

AddressStatusResource Name and MIHP (if any)
17 W. Main StreetC 
19 W. Main StreetC 
21 W. Main StreetC 
107 W. Main StreetCZion Lutheran Church
117 W. Main StreetCF-4-14 -- George Bowlus House
123 W. Main StreetC 
1 W. Main StreetCArnett Building
7 W. Main StreetC 
207 W. Main StreetCWesleyan Apartments
211 W. Main StreetC 
215 W. Main StreetC 
217 W. Main StreetC 
301 W. Main StreetC 
305 W. Main StreetCMiddletown Valley Historical Society Headquarters
309 W. Main StreetC 
311 W. Main StreetC 
313 W. Main StreetC 
401 W. Main StreetC 
405 W. Main StreetCCollamor's Deli
407 W. Main StreetC 
507 W. Main StreetC 
511 W. Main StreetC 
515 W. Main StreetC 
517 W. Main StreetC 
514 W. Main StreetC 
512 W. Main StreetC 
510 W. Main StreetC 
508 W. Main StreetC 
504 W. Main StreetC 
200 W. Main StreetCF-4-139 -- Lamar Sanitarium
118 W. Main StreetC 
114 W. Main StreetC 
110-112 W. Main StreetC 
106 W. Main StreetC 
100-104 W. Main StreetCF-4-137 -- Stonebraker & Harbaugh (Shafer Building, Rudy's Hall)
30 W. Main StreetC 
26-28 W. Main StreetC 
24 W. Main StreetC 
22 W. Main StreetC 
18 W. Main StreetC 
West side, behind 18 W. Main StreetCMains Alley
12-14 W. Main StreetCMain's Ice Cream and Meat Market
10 W. Main StreetC 
8 W. Main StreetC 
6 W. Main StreetC 
409 E. Main StreetC 
405 E. Main StreetC 
401 E. Main StreetC 
313 E. Main StreetC 
309 E. Main StreetC 
305 E. Main StreetC 
301 E. Main StreetC 
221 E. Main StreetC 
219 E. Main StreetC 
217 E. Main StreetC 
308 W. Main StreetC 
306 W. Main StreetC 
304 W. Main StreetC 
302 W. Main StreetC 
300 W. Main StreetC 
210 W. Main StreetC 
208 W. Main StreetC 
413 W. Main StreetC 
417 W. Main StreetC 
419 W. Main StreetC 
501 W. Main StreetC 
121 E. Main StreetC 
119 E. Main StreetC 
117 E. Main StreetC 
113 E. Main StreetC 
103 E. Main StreetC 
101 E. Main StreetC 
35 E. Main StreetC 
33 E. Main StreetC 
15 E. Main StreetC 
13 E. Main StreetC 
11 E. Main StreetC 
2 E. Main StreetC 
4 E. Main StreetCMemorial Hall
10 E. Main StreetC 
E. Main StreetCChrist Reformed Cemetery
26 E. Main StreetC 
28 E. Main StreetC 
30 E. Main StreetC 
104 E. Main StreetC 
108 E. Main StreetC 
110 E. Main StreetC 
118 E. Main StreetC 
120 E. Main StreetC 
122 E. Main StreetC 
124 E. Main StreetC 
126 E. Main StreetC 
128 E. Main StreetC 
200 E. Main StreetC 
204 E. Main StreetC 
208 E. Main StreetC 
212 E. Main StreetC 
216 E. Main StreetC 
300 E. Main StreetC 
29 E. Main StreetC 
27 E. Main StreetC 
25 E. Main StreetC 
23 E. Main StreetC 
19 E. Main StreetC 
36 E. Main StreetC 
308 E. Main StreetC 
312 E. Main StreetC 
400 E. Main StreetC 
14 Washington StreetC 
10 Washington StreetC 
4 Washington StreetC 
119 Washington StreetC 
13 Washington StreetC 
9 Washington StreetC 
7 Washington StreetC 
106 N. Church StreetC 
4,6,8 S. Church StreetC 
12 S. Church StreetCChrist Reformed Church properties
S. Church StreetCChrist Reformed Church Reformed Church Sunday School Chapel
S. Church StreetCChrist Reformed Church
W. Green StreetCEvangelical Lutheran Church Zion Cemetery
101 W. Green StreetC 
105 W. Green StreetC 
107 W. Green StreetC 
203 W. Green StreetC 
205 W. Green StreetC 
301 W. Green StreetC 
210 W. Green StreetC 
400 W. Green StreetC 
118 W. Green StreetC 
100 Prospect StreetC 
102 Prospect StreetC 
106 Prospect StreetC 
108 Prospect StreetC 
110 Prospect StreetC 
200 Prospect StreetC 
202 Prospect StreetC 
204 Prospect StreetC 
206 Prospect StreetC 
208 Prospect StreetC 
212 Prospect StreetC 
216 Prospect StreetC 
115 Prospect StreetC 
117 Prospect StreetC 
119 Prospect StreetC 
121 Prospect StreetC 
5 Franklin StreetC 
103 Prospect StreetCProspect Street School
203 Prospect StreetC 
103 Broad StreetC 
101 Broad StreetC 
224 Broad StreetC 
218 Broad Street C 
212 Broad StreetC 
208 Broad StreetC 
204 Broad StreetC 
200 Broad StreetC 
108 Broad StreetC 
106 Broad StreetC 
102 Broad StreetC 
100 Broad StreetC 
25 Walnut StreetC 
27 Walnut StreetC 
14 Walnut StreetC 
16 Walnut StreetC 
30 Walnut StreetC 
32 Walnut StreetC 
101 S. Jefferson StreetC 
103 S. Jefferson StreetC 
105 S. Jefferson StreetC 
107 S. Jefferson StreetC 
109 S. Jefferson StreetC 
111 S. Jefferson StreetC 
113 S. Jefferson StreetC 
115 S. Jefferson StreetC 
203 S. Jefferson StreetC 
205 S. Jefferson StreetC 
207 S. Jefferson StreetC 
209 S. Jefferson StreetC 
213 S. Jefferson StreetC 
215 S. Jefferson StreetC 
217 S. Jefferson StreetC 
219 S. Jefferson StreetC 
31 Walnut StreetC 
110 S. Jefferson StreetC 
200 S. Jefferson StreetC 
202 S. Jefferson StreetC 
204 S. Jefferson StreetC 
9 Boileau DriveC 
Boileau DriveC 
E. Main Street (Alt US 40) (in planting strip in front of 305 W. Main Street)CF-4-74 -- Old National Pike Milestone Number 53 (Baltimore and Fredericktown Turnpike Milestone 53)
6 Broad StreetNC 
206 Broad StreetNC 
210 Broad StreetNC 
222 Broad StreetNC 
215 Broad StreetNC 
213 Broad StreetNC 
211 Broad StreetNC 
209 Broad StreetNC 
207 Broad StreetNC 
101 Prospect StreetNCMiddletown Branch Library
210 Prospect StreetNC 
112 Prospect StreetNC 
104 Prospect StreetNC 
208 W. Green StreetNC 
402 W. Green StreetNC 
Koogle Drive, east sideNC 
Koogle Drive, west sideNC 
98 Summers DriveNC 
303 W. Green StreetNC 
207 W. Green StreetNC 
101 Garage DriveNC 
100 N. Church StreetNC 
S. Church StreetNCMiddletown Volunteer Fire Company
6 N. Church StreetNC 
32 E. Main StreetNC 
31 W. Main StreetNC 
500 W. Main StreetNC 
211 E. Main StreetNC 
201 and 203 W. Main StreetNC 
23 W. Main StreetC/NC 
307 W. Main StreetC/NC 
213 W. Main StreetC/NC 
13 W. Main StreetC/NC 
502 W. Main StreetC/NC 
411 W. Main StreetC/NC 
315 W. Main StreetC/NC 
203 E. Main StreetC/NC 
115 E. Main StreetC/NC 
505 W. Main StreetC/NC 
206 W. Main StreetC/NC 
204 W. Main StreetC/NC 
109 E. Main StreetC/NC 
31 E. Main StreetC/NC 
304 E. Main StreetC/NC 
7 N. Church StreetC/NCMiddletown Chevrolet Pontiac
6 Washington StreetC/NC 
100 E. Main StreetC/NC 
17 E. Main StreetC/NC 
21 E. Main StreetC/NC 
201 W. Green StreetC/NC 
305 W. Green StreetC/NC 
8 W. Green StreetC/NC 
214 Prospect StreetC/NC 
201 Prospect StreetC/NC 
109 Broad StreetC/NC 
107 Broad StreetC/NC 
220 Broad StreetC/NC 
125 Maple AvenueC/NC 
111 Prospect StreetC/NC 
104 Broad StreetC/NC 
29 Walnut StreetC/NC 
24 Walnut StreetC/NC 
28 Walnut StreetC/NC 
201 S. Jefferson StreetC/NC 
208 S. Jefferson StreetC/NC 
212 S. Jefferson StreetC/NC 
114 S. Jefferson StreetC/NC 
2 Walnut StreetC/NCKennedy Ford Garage
10 Walnut StreetC/NCGladhill Furniture
108 S. Jefferson StreetC/NC 

 

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