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Maryland's National Register Properties



Photo credit: Nicole Diehlmann, 03/2009
Sharpsburg Historic District
Inventory No.: WA-II-723
Other Name(s): Sharpsburgh; Sharps Burgh; Sharpesburgh; Sharpes Burgh
Date Listed: 12/24/2008
Location: Sharpsburg, Washington County
Category: District
Period/Date of Construction: 1763-1958
Resources: 313 (208 contributing, 54 non-contributing)
Description: Sharpsburg is located in southern Washington County, about three miles from the Potomac River, on the alignment of an 18th century road, now Maryland Route 34. The Sharpsburg Historic District covers the entire town plus a small amount of adjoining property adjacent to the town boundary, as well as Mountain View Cemetery, the town’s burying ground established in 1883. The town is laid out in a grid pattern with two streets, Main and Mechanic, crossing at a central square. Sharpsburg is one of only three towns in Washington County with a public square. The others are Hagerstown, the county seat, and Leitersburg. Established in 1763, Sharpsburg consists of a series of rectangular lots, each approximately 100 by 200 feet, facing onto Main Street (MD Route 34), an early road that led from Frederick, Maryland into Virginia (now West Virginia). Mechanic Street led north toward Hagerstown (then Elizabeth Town) and south to the Antietam Iron Works and on to Harpers Ferry, Virginia (now West Virginia). Near the southwest quadrant of this intersection lies the Great Spring, which supplied water for the town for many years. The extant buildings range in age from the late 18th century to the present day. The character of the town is residential with most of the buildings being houses, along with assorted support buildings. In addition to dwellings the town has six churches, four of them active, an elementary school built in 1936 with more recent additions, and a former American Legion hall built in 1949. A two-story Italianate style Masonic Hall occupies the southeast corner of the square, with the Classical Revival-influenced IORM building containing the Town Hall and library next door. The Masonic building has commercial space with original storefronts on the first floor. Many of the town lots have been split in half with 50-foot fronts, leaving the streetscape fairly densely built along the main street. The oldest buildings are log, stone, or braced frame, with brick buildings dating from about 1820 and later. Later balloon frame buildings and more recent materials such as concrete block represent the late 19th and early 20th century. Surface materials, in addition to stone and brick, range from original wooden sidings from various periods to asphalt (“Insul-brick”), aluminum and vinyl siding. Significance: The Sharpsburg Historic District is historically significant for its role during the American Civil War Battle of Antietam or Battle of Sharpsburg, as it was known in the South. Although much of the September 17, 1862 battle raged on the farm fields east of Sharpsburg, the town itself formed the Confederate rear with frequent artillery and small arms fire ripping across roofs and embedding into exterior walls of buildings. Both the Lutheran and Episcopal churches were used by snipers and were heavily damaged during the battle. After the battle those same church buildings and many houses in town were used to house first Confederate wounded prior to their retreat across the Potomac River into Virginia on the 18th of September, and then later became Union hospitals. Having been founded in 1763, the Sharpsburg Historic District derives additional historical significance for its association with the 18th century settlement of the then-western-frontier of Maryland and its role in the development of the lower Antietam Creek area as an agricultural and transportation center. The town of Sharpsburg served as a social and commercial hub for the surrounding agricultural region, and for travel and commerce on the C&O Canal. The Sharpsburg Historic District is also architecturally significant for a remarkably intact and cohesive collection of houses, churches, and other buildings chronicling the town’s development from the initial settlement period through the mid 20th century. Sharpsburg is well known for its impressive stock of Georgian-inspired stone houses. There are also several early-19th century Federal-style brick houses that anchor the town square. The town’s streetscapes are comprised of vernacular interpretations of Greek Revival, Gothic Revival, and Colonial Revival architectural styles. An unusually large proportion of the buildings in Sharpsburg are of log construction.

District Resources (313) (208 contributing, 54 non-contributing)

From associated listing in National Register nomination form. C = Contributing, NC = non-contributing, blank = not evaluated.

AddressStatusResource Name and MIHP (if any)
330 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
327 W. Main StreetC 
326 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
321 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
320 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
317 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
316 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
312 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
313 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
311 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
309 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
301 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
300 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
236 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
232 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
231 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
230 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
229 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
228 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
227 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
226 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
224 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
221 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
220 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
216-218 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
215 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
214 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
212 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
211 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
209 W. Main Street (MD 34)CWA-II-517 -- St. Paul's Episcopal Church
206 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
204 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
207 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
202 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
201 W. Main Street (MD 34)CWA-II-514 -- Jacob Highbarger House (Hays-Highbarger-Roulette House)
305 W. Main StreetC 
144 W. Main Street (MD 34)CWA-II-531 -- Pete's Tavern
139 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
130 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
128 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
127-129 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
125 W. Main Street (MD 34)CWA-II-507 -- Wesley Chapel
123 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
135 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
121 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
119 W. Main Street (MD 34)CWA-II-504 -- Christ Reformed Church
115 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
116 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
111-113 W. Main StreetC 
112 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
114 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
109 W. Main Street (MD 34)CWA-II-500 -- William Chapline House
108 W. Main Street (MD 34)C 
103 W. Main Street (MD 34)CWA-II-719 -- Sharpsburg Bank; Joseph C. Hays House
105 W. Main Street (MD 34)CWA-II-720 -- Joseph C. Hays House
100 W. Main Street (MD 34)CWA-II-541 -- Grove-DeLauney House
101 W. Main Street (MD 34)CWA-II-718 -- Osborne Funeral Home
100 E. Main Street (MD 34)CWA-II-542 -- Kretzer's Market
101 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
103-105 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
110-112 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
111-113 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
114 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
116 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
115 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
120 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
121 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
117 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
122 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
124-126 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
123 E. Main Street (MD 34)CWA-II-710 -- Church of the Brethren
125 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
127 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
128 E. Main Street (MD 34)CWA-II-550 -- Kretzer Homestead
129 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
205 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
207 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
209 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
211 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
E. Main StreetCLutheran Cemetery and Church
215 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
216 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
219 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
221 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
223 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
133 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
137 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
201 E. Main Street (MD 34)CWA-II-680 -- Holy Trinity Lutheran Church
203 E. Main Street (MD 34)C 
301 E. Main StreetC 
311 W. Chapline StreetC 
309 W. Chapline StreetC 
307 W. Chapline StreetC 
306 W. Chapline StreetC 
305 W. Chapline StreetC 
220 E. Main StreetC 
E. Main StreetCMountain View Cemetery
226 W. Chapline StreetC 
225 W. Chapline StreetC 
223 W. Chapline StreetC 
221 W. Chapline StreetC 
220 W. Chapline StreetC 
217 W. Chapline StreetC 
216 W. Chapline StreetC 
215 W. Chapline StreetC 
214 W. Chapline StreetC 
213 W. Chapline StreetC 
209 W. Chapline StreetC 
208 W. Chapline StreetC 
207 W. Chapline StreetC 
205 W. Chapline StreetC 
204 W. Chapline StreetC 
201 W. Chapline StreetC 
118 W. Chapline StreetC 
116 W. Chapline StreetC 
114 W. Chapline StreetC 
111 W. Chapline StreetC 
110 W. Chapline StreetC 
107 W. Chapline StreetC 
105 W. Chapline StreetC 
109 E. Chapline StreetC 
111 E. Chapline StreetC 
110 E. Chapline StreetCClipps Mill
112 E. Chapline StreetC 
114 E. Chapline StreetC 
115 E. Chapline StreetC 
116 E. Chapline StreetC 
W. Chapline Street & Mechanic Street (Parcel 325)C 
W. Chapline StreetC 
121 E. Chapline StreetC 
202 E. Chapline StreetC 
204 E. Chapline StreetC 
206 E. Chapline StreetC 
108 N. Hall StreetC 
106 N. Hall StreetC 
N. Hall StreetCFirst Methodist Church and Cemetery
102 S. Hall StreetC 
105 S. Hall Street (Parcel 619)C 
107 S. Hall StreetC 
206 S. Hall StreetC 
207 S. Hall StreetC 
212 S. Hall StreetC 
N. Mechanic Street & E. Chapline StreetC 
104 N. Mechanic StreetC 
104 S. Mechanic StreetCWA-II-597 -- American Legion, Antietam Post
105 S. Mechanic StreetC 
107 S. Mechanic StreetC 
110 S. Mechanic StreetC 
111 S. Mechanic StreetC 
112 S. Mechanic StreetC 
113-115 S. Mechanic StreetC 
117 S. Mechanic StreetC 
119 S. Mechanic StreetC 
127 S. Mechanic StreetC 
201 S. Mechanic StreetC 
202 S. Mechanic StreetC 
207 S. Mechanic StreetC 
205 S. Church StreetC 
E. Antietam StreetC 
109 S. Church StreetC 
108 S. Church StreetC 
106 S. Church StreetC 
S. Church StreetC 
103 N. Church StreetC 
204 N. Church StreetC 
202 N. Church StreetC 
227 W. Antietam StreetC 
227 W. Antietam Street (rear lot-P.532)C 
225 W. Antietam StreetC 
223 W. Antietam StreetC 
233 W. Antietam StreetC 
231 W. Antietam StreetC 
215 W. Antietam StreetC 
212 W. Antietam StreetC 
211 W. Antietam StreetC 
209 W. Antietam StreetC 
207 W. Antietam StreetC 
205 W. Antietam StreetC 
201 W. Antietam StreetC 
123 W. Antietam StreetC 
119 W. Antietam StreetC 
117 W. Antietam StreetC 
116 W. Antietam StreetC 
115 W. Antietam StreetC 
114 W. Antietam StreetC 
111 W. Antietam StreetC 
107 W. Antietam StreetC 
105 W. Antietam StreetC 
102 W. Antietam StreetC 
102-108 W. Antietam Street (between 102 and 108 W. Antietam Street)C 
109 W. Antietam StreetC 
103 E. Antietam StreetC 
108 E. Antietam StreetC 
109 E. Antietam StreetC 
113 E. Antietam StreetC 
123 E. Antietam StreetC 
200 E. Antietam StreetC 
205 E. Antietam StreetC 
206 E. Antietam StreetC 
215 W. High StreetC 
111 E. High StreetCWA-II-702 -- Tolson's Chapel; Black A.M.E. Church
113 E. High StreetC 
115 E. Antietam StreetC 
116 E. Antietam StreetC 
E. High Street & S. Church StreetCWA-II-699 -- Former Black School
At rear of 103 E. Antietam Street lotCBig Spring
120 N. Church StreetC 
E. Chapline StreetCGerman Reformed Cemetery
E. High StreetNC 
E. High StreetNC 
112 E. Antietam StreetNC 
E. High StreetNC 
115 E. High StreetNC 
213 W. High StreetNC 
205 W. High StreetNC 
109 W. High StreetNC 
103 W. High StreetNC 
107 E. High StreetNC 
207 E. Antietam StreetNC 
208 E. Antietam StreetNC 
114 E. Antietam StreetNC 
102 E. Antietam StreetNC 
121 W. Antietam StreetNC 
unnumbered lot attached to Parcel 533NC 
219 W. Antietam StreetNC 
299A E. Main StreetNC 
104 N. Church Street (MD 65)NC 
S. Church StreetNC 
201 S. Church StreetNC 
209 S. Mechanic StreetNC 
106 N. Potomac StreetNC 
110 S. Potomac StreetNC 
208 S. Church StreetNC 
S. Church StreetNCWA-II-698 -- Old Odd Fellows Hall
203 S. Mechanic StreetNC 
208 S. Mechanic StreetNC 
105 N. Mechanic StreetNC 
201 N. Mechanic StreetNC 
204 S. Hall StreetNC 
118 E. Chapline StreetNC 
119A E. Chapline StreetNC 
119B E. Chapline StreetNC 
212 E. Chapline StreetNC 
214 E. Chapline StreetNC 
216 E. Chapline StreetNC 
218 E. Chapline StreetNC 
208 E. Chapline StreetNC 
101 E. Chapline StreetNC 
105 E. Chapline StreetNC 
104 W. Chapline StreetNC 
110 1/2 W. Chapline StreetNC 
115 W. Chapline StreetNC 
203 W. Chapline StreetNC 
211 W. Chapline StreetNC 
218 W. Chapline StreetNC 
222 W. Chapline StreetNC 
224 W. Chapline StreetNC 
204 E. Main StreetNC 
225 E. Main StreetNC 
130 E. Main StreetNC 
332 W. Main StreetNC 
324 W. Main StreetNC 
17525 Shepherdstown PikeC/NCSharpsburg Elementary School
318 W. Main Street (MD 34)C/NC 
234 W. Main Street (MD 34)C/NC 
308 W. Main Street (also known as 310 W. Main Street)C/NC 
205 W. Main Street (MD 34)C/NC 
213 W. Main Street (MD 34)C/NC 
222 W. Main Street (MD 34)C/NC 
106 E. Main Street (MD 34)C/NCWA-II-543 -- Sharpsburg Community Hall (Town Hall, I.O.R.M.)
107 E. Main Street (MD 34)C/NCWA-II-715 -- Good-Reilly House (Chapline-Edwards-Bender House)
118-120 W. Main Street (MD 34)C/NC 
131 W. Main Street (MD 34)C/NC 
133 W. Main Street (MD 34)C/NC 
122 W. Main Street (MD 34)C/NC 
138 W. Main Street (MD 34)C/NC 
302 W. Main Street (MD 34)C/NC 
200 W. Main Street (MD 34)C/NC 
145 W. Main Street (MD 34)C/NC 
132 E. Main Street (MD 34)C/NC 
Main and Church StreetC/NC 
200 E. Main Street (MD 34)C/NCWA-II-703 -- Piper House
308 W. Chapline StreetC/NC 
299 E. Main StreetC/NC 
303 W. Chapline StreetC/NC 
229 W. Chapline StreetC/NCWA-II-641 -- Joseph Chapline II House
119 W. Chapline StreetC/NC 
113 W. Chapline StreetC/NC 
112 W. Chapline StreetC/NC 
210 E. Chapline StreetC/NC 
117 E. Chapline StreetC/NC 
200 N. Church StreetC/NC 
107 N. Hall StreetC/NC 
105 N. Mechanic StreetC/NC 
106 S. Mechanic StreetC/NC 
108 S. Mechanic StreetC/NC 
114-116 S. Mechanic StreetC/NCWA-II-602 -- House on South Mechanic Street
206A and B S. Church StreetC/NC 
108 N. Potomac StreetC/NC 
111 N. Church StreetC/NC 
301 W. Antietam StreetC/NC 
221 W. Antietam StreetC/NC 
217 W. Antietam StreetC/NC 
206 W. Antietam StreetC/NC 
120 W. Antietam StreetC/NC 
200 W. Antietam StreetC/NC 
110 W. Antietam StreetC/NC 
107 E. Antietam StreetC/NC 
108 W. Antietam StreetC/NC 
111 E. Antietam StreetC/NC 
E. High StreetC/NC 
Burnside Bridge RoadC/NCWA-II-151 -- Avey-Stransky House
119 E. Antietam StreetC/NC 

 

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