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Maryland's National Register Properties



Photo credit: MHT Files, n.d.
Berea/Biddle Street Historic District
Inventory No.: B-5271
Date Listed: 12/29/2014
Location: N. Rose Street , Federal Street, Edison Highway, and Penn Central Railroad tracks, Baltimore, Baltimore City
Category: District
Period/Date of Construction: 1885-c. 1950
Architect/Builder: Builder: Peter Grogan
Boundary Description: Roughly bounded by N. Roste St, Federal St, Edison Hwy and Penn Central Railroad tracks.
Resources: 153 (149 contributing, 4 non-contributing)
Description: The Berea/Biddle Street Historic District comprises 36 blocks in the eastern section of Baltimore City, Maryland. It is a mainly residential two-story rowhouse community with about half of the houses built between c. 1890 and c. 1925 and the other half built both during and immediately after World War II. The neighborhood centers on St. Katherine of Sienna Roman Catholic Church and School, first built 1902-6 and later expanded. Along the western edge of the historic district there are several rows of late Italianate-style houses and some distinguished rows of Renaissance Revival-style swell-front and flat-fronted "marble" houses, some with original storefronts intact. Many rows of brown brick porch-front Daylight-style houses built between about 1914 and 1925 fill the center of the historic district. Beginning in the late 1930s and continuing through 1946, rows of Early American, or Colonial Revival-style, red brick rows with suburban-style front lawns were built in the eastern section of the historic district. Significance: The Berea/Biddle Street Historic District derives historic significance for its association with the history of immigrant groups in Baltimore City, and with historical patterns of residential development. Lying on the eastern edge of the city north of the old Northern Central Railroad Tracks and east of the Belair Road corridor, the area represents one of the last land pockets to be developed within the old (1851) city boundaries. Much of the land remained undeveloped until the period after World War I because it was the location of active brickyards. When significant numbers of houses began to be built in the 1920s they were designed in the then-popular "Daylight" style, with front porches and a two-room-wide by two-room-deep floor plan allowing sunlight in every room. These new homes, influenced by the suburban housing trends in the early 20th century, appealed to many of the Bohemian (Czechoslovakian) immigrant families who had first settled along the alley streets of East Baltimore in the area surrounding Johns Hopkins Hospital beginning in the 1870s and 1880s. By the early 1900s and beyond, many of these same families were able to move northeast into more spacious and modern houses, usually with front porches, in a much less congested neighborhood surrounded by parks and expansive stretches of open land, including two major cemeteries. There were also many Irish and Italian newcomers, all of whom attended the Roman Catholic St. Katherine of Sienna Church (1903) and many of whose children went to St. Katharine's School. The citywide trend towards suburbanization continued in the Historic District in the 1940s, as block after block of Colonial Revival-style red brick rowhouses--all with small front lawns--filled the northeastern quadrant of the historic district. The district derives architectural significance for its collection of rowhouses representing the styles and types of domestic, commercial, institutional, and ecclesiastical architecture which characterized Baltimore's neighborhoods from the late 19th century through the Post World War II era. These include houses reflecting Italianate influence; Renaissance Revival swellfront houses; "Marble Houses" with decorative marble lintels, sills, steps, and basements; houses of the Daylight and porch-front types; and postwar rowhouses of Colonial Revival design. The period of significance, c. 1885 to c. 1950, begins with the initial development of housing in the area by Peter Grogan, and ends c. 1950, by which date the district was substantially built out, achieving its historic and present form and appearance. The district retains a high degree of integrity.

District Resources (153) (149 contributing, 4 non-contributing)

From associated listing in National Register nomination form. C = Contributing, NC = non-contributing, blank = not evaluated.

AddressStatusResource Name and MIHP (if any)
2504-2526 Federal StreetC 
2507-2517 Federal StreetC 
2516-2538 Oliver StreetC 
1500-1518 N. Luzerne StreetC 
1505-1515 N. Rose StreetC 
2612-2640 Federal StreetC 
1501-1503 N. Luzerne StreetC 
1505-1523 N. Luzerne StreetC 
2600-2644 Oliver StreetC 
2700-2728 Federal StreetC 
2701-2723 Federal StreetC 
1501-1509 N. Lakewood AvenueC 
2700-2718 Oliver StreetC 
2720-2726 Oliver StreetC 
1500-1534 N. Kenwood AvenueC 
2800-2828 Federal StreetC 
2830-2858 Federal StreetC 
2801-2821 Federal StreetC 
2823-2843 Federal StreetC 
1501-1521 N. Kenwood AvenueC 
1500-1516 Kenhill StreetC 
1501-1517 Kenhill StreetC 
1500-1516 N. Linwood StreetC 
2900-2920 Federal StreetC 
2901-2921 Federal StreetC 
3000-3022 Federal StreetC 
3024-3048 Federal StreetC 
3101-3119 Federal StreetC 
3021-3037 Federal StreetC 
1501-1517 N. Potomac StreetC 
1500-1516 N. Decker StreetC 
1501-1517 N. Decker StreetC 
1500-1516 N. Ellwood StreetC 
3100-3122 Federal StreetC 
3101-3107 Federal StreetC 
1501-1517 N. Ellwood StreetC 
1500-1528 Edison HighwayC 
2521-2539 Oliver StreetC 
1422-1428 N. Luzerne StreetC 
1400-1420 N. Luzerne StreetC 
2516-2530 Hoffman StreetC 
1401-1407 N. Luzerne StreetC 
1423-1441 N. Luzerne StreetC 
2601-2625 Oliver StreetC 
2627-2633 Oliver StreetC 
1400-1406 N. Lakewood A venueC 
1408-1414 N. Lakewood AvenueC 
2600-2646 Hoffman StreetC 
2600-2626 Llewelyn StreetC 
2601-2629 Llewelyn StreetC 
1401 N. Lakewood Avenue (and E. Oliver Street)CB-3698 -- Public School #85
1401-1431 Kenhill StreetC 
1400-1430 N. Linwood StreetC 
1401-1431 N. Linwood StreetC 
1400-1430 N. Potomac StreetC 
1401-1431 N. Potomac StreetC 
1400-1430 Decker StreetC 
1401-1431 Decker StreetC 
1400-1430 N. Ellwood StreetC 
1401-1431 N. Ellwood StreetC 
1400-1430 Edison HighwayC 
2517-2527 Hoffman StreetC 
2529-2531 Hoffman StreetC 
1300-1318 N. Luzerne StreetC 
1320-1340 N. Luzerne StreetC 
1301-1319 N. Luzerne StreetC 
1321-1339 N. Luzerne StreetC 
2601-2623 Hoffman StreetC 
2625-2633 Hoffman StreetC 
2600-2624 E. Preston StreetC 
2626-2634 E. Preston StreetC 
2600-2626 Grogan StreetC 
2601-2627 Grogan StreetC 
2629-2637 Grogan StreetC 
1301-1313 N. Lakewood AvenueC 
2701-2727 Hoffman StrnetC 
1300-1328 N. Kenwood AvenueC 
2700-2718 E. Preston StreetC 
2720-2740 E. Preston StreetC 
1301-1329 N. Kenwood AvenueC 
1300-1324 Kenhill StreetC 
1301-1325 Kenhill StreetC 
1300-1330 N. Linwood StreetC 
2820-40 E. Preston StreetC 
1301-1329 N. Linwood StreetC 
1300-1330 N. Potomac StreetC 
2934-2942 E. Preston StreetC 
2944 E. Preston StreetC 
3000 E. Preston StreetC 
1300-1316 N. Ellwood StreetC 
1301-1317 N. Ellwood StreetC 
1300-1314 Edison HighwayC 
 CSt. Katherine's R.C. Church, School, and Rectory
2525 E. Preston StreetCGreater Gethsemane Ministries Church (St. Katherine's of 1932)
1200-1218 N. Luzerne StreetC 
2512-2530 E. Biddle StreetC 
1201-1219 N. Luzerne StreetC 
1221-1239 N. Luzerne StreetC 
2601-2623 E. Preston StreetC 
2625-2633 E. Preston StreetC 
2600-2630 E. Biddle StreetC 
2632-2640 E. Biddle StreetC 
2600-2624 Mura StreetC 
2626-2634 Mura StreetC 
2601-2625 Mura StreetC 
2627-2635 Mura StreetC 
2701-2745 E. Preston StreetC 
2700-2744 E. Biddle StreetC 
2700-2744 Mura StreetC 
2701-2745 Mura StreetC 
2801-2815 E. Preston StreetC 
2817 E. Preston StreetC 
1201-1241 N. Linwood StreetC 
1200-1240 Curley StreetC 
1201-1241 Curley StreetC 
1200-1240 N. Potomac StreetC 
1201-1241 N. Potomac StreetC 
1200-1240 Decker StreetC 
1201-1241 Decker StreetC 
1200-1240 N. Ellwood StreetC 
1201-1241 N. Ellwood StreetC 
3101-3115 E. Preston StreetC 
3100-3114 E. Biddle StreetC 
1200-1230 Edison HighwayC 
2523-2543 E. Biddle StreetC 
1100-1120 N. Luzerne StreetC 
2500-2528 E. Chase StreetC 
1101-1121 N. Luzerne StreetC 
2601-2639 E. Biddle StreetC 
1100-1120 N. Lakewood A venueC 
2600-2642 E. Chase StreetC 
1101-1121 N. Lakewood A venueC 
2701-2745 E. Biddle StreetC 
1100-1118 N. Kenwood AvenueC 
2700-2742 E. Chase StreetC 
1101-1121 N. Kenwood AvenueC 
2801-2835 E. Biddle StreetC 
2800-2828 E. Chase StreetC 
2501-2527 E. Chase StreetC 
1016-1054 N. Luzerne StreetC 
1021 N. Luzerne StreetC 
2601-2643 E. Chase StreetC 
2600-2646 Beryl StreetC 
2601-2647 Beryl StreetC 
2701-2743 E. Chase StreetC 
2700-2746 Beryl StreetC 
2701-2704 7 Beryl StreetC 
1001-1039 N. Kenwood AvenueC 
2801-2829 E. Chase StreetC 
SW corner of Federal Street and N. Lakewood AvenueNC 
2900 E. Oliver StreetNCGreater Paradise Christian Center
2801 E. Oliver StreetNCFort Worthington Elementary School
SW corner of Hoffman Street and Lakewood AvenueNC 

 

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