Ronald L. Andrews
Corsica Neck Road (MD 304), Centreville, Queen Annes County
Constructed in the third quarter of the 18th century, Lexon is a two story brick house with a pitched gable roof, center passage single pile plan, and Federal and Greek Revival interior decorative detailing resulting from changes in the first half of the 19th century. The house stands on the south side of Corsica Road with a string of 20th century domestic and agricultural outbuildings lined perpendicular to the south of the house. In the 18th century, the south elevation was the front of the house, but orientation was reversed in the early 19th century to acknowledge Corsica Road as the primary approach. The structure has simple brick details; a square section water table, jack arches, and no belt course. Flush chimneys rise from each gable end. A large, six-panel door with a three-light transom occupies the center bay of the south facade. There are two 9/6 windows to the left of the door and one window close-set to the right between the door and the wall of the wing. This window was evidently cut in when the wing was added. The same fenestration pattern exists on the second floor with a window of 6/6 lights above each first floor opening. The north facade is of Flemish bond with a central door. Two 9/6 windows stand to the left and one to the right. A hip-roofed porch with chamfered posts and small double brackets covers the three western bays. Second-floor openings above each first-floor opening hold 6/6 sash windows. All windows on this facade have rowlock lintels. The east gable end, two bays wide, holds a 9/6 window on the first floor of the south bay and a 6/6 window above. Four-light windows flank the chimney in the attic gable. The outline of a demolished addition covers most of the west gable wall, including a door in the south bay. The north bay of the second floor holds a narrow 4/4 sash window. Four-light windows flank the chimney in this attic gable, as well. The interior of the first floor and the east room on the second floor have Federal and Greek Revival mantels, stair, and decorative detailing. The west side of the second floor has one paneled chimney wall dating from the first period of construction. This section is also divided into two spaces by a vertical board partition, forming a small, narrow room to the south.
The significance of Lexon is derived from its architectural character. Erected in the third quarter of the 18th century, Lexon is an important early example of a center passage, single pile plan house representing the range of colonial domestic architecture in the county between the finest Georgian house of the period and the more commonly built story-and-a-half hall-parlor houses of the successful farmer. Lexon is a substantially built and well finished house. Important features evident here are the Flemish bond facade (south elevation) and simple brick details including a square section water table, jack arches, and the noteworthy lack of a belt course at this early date. Lexon retains the original center passage plan on the first floor and an unusual three-room plan on the second. Significant interior details include the original paneled chimney wall on the second floor and a full array of late colonial and Federal period woodwork.