Abraham Jones House
12106, Main Street (MD 26), Libertytown, Frederick County
The street or south facade of the Abraham Jones house is three bays in length, 2 1/2 stories in height, and of Flemish bond brick construction. It is attached to a later frame structure on its west side but its east side remains completely exposed. At each end of the gable roof are low "parapets" formed by the extension of the gable walls up above the roof line. At each end of the roof ridge stand single flush gable chimneys. The main entrance door, a particularly fine example of Federal period craftsmanship and design, has paneled jambs, fluted pilasters, a deep frieze, and a modillioned pediment. Breaking the frieze and the tympanum of the pediment is a molded keystoned arch that frames a traceried overdoor fanlight. The same decorative embellishments applied to the doorway are repeated on the modillioned roof cornice and the pediments of the roof dormers. The two windows of the first floor and the three of the second floor are of double-hung 12/12 sash. The double-hung windows of the dormers have foliated upper sash. At ground level, directly below and between the two first floor windows, is a segmentally arched cellar entrance. Adjacent to it, on the east side, is a small flat-arched cellar window. At the rear of the house stands a brick, two-story kitchen-dining wing that is said to predate the main house. Its expansive fireplace opening still retains its trammel bars and cranes, as well as a built-in oven. Attached to the north wall of the kitchen is a smaller two-story stone wing that is believed to have initially served as a servant's quarter.
When the Jones house was built this area was just experiencing a growth in population and prosperity. However, except for a handful of large 18th century homes erected by very affluent landowners, the development of this region was slow and any degree of personal economic success is more often reflected in the architecture and decorative arts of the mid and late 19th century. The Jones House, besides being one of the finest Federal houses in Maryland, is important to the study of those physical artifacts representing the social and economic history of this particular region.