Anthony O. James
Springfield Lane, Williamsport, Washington County
Springfield Farm was built in three distinct parts, with the center, or original section, dating from the second half of the 18th century. This two-story plus attic beaded clapboard house is five bays wide with an entrance in the center bay of both the first and second stories on the east façade. Covering this is a two-story pedimented portico with a fanlight. Windows in the remaining bays are 12/12 on the first story and 12/8 on the second. The north end of this section is laid in common bond, three courses of stretchers to one of headers. This end has a 6/6 window over a bricked in opening, and two 4-light casement windows in the gable flanking the large inside end chimney. The west side is also beaded clapboard, with 5 12/8 windows on the second story, and a first story screened porch covering a central double door. The north wing is common bond brick with a large five-sided Victorian bay window which was probably added c. 1879 when the north wing was constructed. This wing is three bays wide by two deep and is 2 1/2 stories, separated from the main block by a large brick chimney. The entrance, with its Victorian paneled double door and two-light segmental arch transom, is in the north bay. Windows in this wing are 2/2 sash. Also on the property are several original outbuildings including a springhouse and stillhouse both of rough fieldstone, and several smaller buildings.
Springfield Farm derives historical significance through its association with General Otho Holland Williams (1749-1794), Revolutionary patriot. Williams' Revolutionary career began in 1775 when he marched with the two Maryland companies who joined the Continental Army in Boston. He fought in the 1775 and 1776 campaigns until his capture at Fort Washington on November 16, 1776. Exchanged for a British prisoner in January 1778, he rejoined the army in time to participate in the Battle of Monmouth. His reputation as a soldier was established in the Carolina campaigns, notably at the Battles of Cowpens and Eutaw Springs.