Photo credit: MHT File Photo , Undated Photo

Property Name: Ammendale Normal Institute
Date Listed: 4/14/1975
Inventory No.: PG:60-4, PG:60-7
Location: 6011, Ammendale Road, Beltsville, Prince Georges County

Description: The Ammendale Normal Institute was a Victorian structure of an eclectic character, with design influences from the Queen Anne, Italianate, and Second Empire Revival schools of architecture. The two-story brick building sat on a high stone foundation; the roof was a mansard, alternately pierced with gable-roofed dormer windows and gables. The main (east) facade was over 100 feet long, consisting of a main block with projecting wings. The main block was completed in 1884 and the wings, continuing the style of the house, were added four years later. A 90 foot long chapel wing extended from the rear facade and terminated in a semi-octagonal apse. Like the main block, the chapel had a high stone foundation, but had a gable roof. The main entrance was marked by a gable-roofed entrance porch with a segmentally arched entry way and patterned brickwork in the gable. Behind the porch, a four story tower projected above the roofline. The tower had a bracketed cornice that carries an ironwork balcony; above the cornice was a framed bell cote with a steeply pitched, dormered hipped roof. The third story window head repeated the segmental arch of the porch entryway; the front story elevation had a niche for a Madonna and Child statue. Flanking the tower were two gables, which broke through the main roof cornice, repeating the vertical emphasis of the tower. Between the entrance porch and each of the wings was a 2-story gallery supported by a row of iron columns with decorative bracketing. The railings were of patterned ironwork. The wings both had central gables with patterned brickwork. The central, gabled portion of the wall surface projected forward slightly, and windows were grouped to give emphasis to the central section of each wing. The window heads were segmentally arched, with the arches projecting slightly from the wall surface and connected by string courses. The entryway arch was formed of molded brick, as were the balustrades of the steps to the porch. Both the dormer windows and the iron columns used a star motif, the star being the symbol of the Christian Brothers. The interior was altered to meet changing demands for space. St. Joseph's Church, southeast of the school, is a small brick church building typical of the late 19th century. The sidewalls have pointed arched windows, small brick buttresses, and double hung sash. The low entry porch is at the center of the main facade, the double doors topped by a transom. At the center of the gable is a circular window set in a panel formed by a pointed arch. At the eaves, bargeboards are supported on their lower end by brackets which, in turn, rest on a beltcourse. The entrance porch has similarly carved work in the gable and the lower end of the rafters are supported on brackets. Along the sidewalls, the rafter ends are cut in an ogee shape.

Significance: The Ammendale Normal Institute has been the home of the Christian Brothers since 1880, when they moved their novitiate from Calvert Hall in Baltimore to a rural site. The first novitiate, constructed in 1880, was replaced in 1884 with a building whose style more closely matched St. Joseph's Church, which had also been built in 1880, but with Queen Anne detailing. In 1888, the flanking wings were added, and the building took on its present appearance. It was one of the largest--perhaps the largest--buildings in Prince George's County at the time, and enabled the Brothers to carry on several schools in a single structure. Architecturally, the Normal Institute was an outstanding example of the eclectic styles of the 1880s. This building, constructed in a rural environment, showed an awareness of stylistic trends of the period. The presence of a structure of this quality, style, or scale was unusual in Maryland outside the urban centers of Baltimore and Washington. On April 26, 1998 the Ammendale Normal Institute suffered a devastating fire.




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