Photo credit: MHT File Photo , Undated Photo

Property Name: Exeter
Date Listed: 1/3/1978
Inventory No.: CAR-70
Location: Three Bridges Road, Federalsburg, Caroline County

Description: Exeter is composed of two distinct sections, although there is little evidence that the building was built in two phases, except for the addition of a shed-roofed wing on the western end of the house. The building's front section, facing east, is a three-bay wide, two-story frame structure built on a brick foundation and covered with cypress shingles. The entrance, located in the southern bay of the facade, possesses sidelights with shutters and a transom with flanking consoles supporting a full pediment. The outline of an earlier porch can be seen above the architrave. The windows of the first story have 6/9 sash while those of the second story and the rear of the house have 6/6 sash. All have louvered shutters. In the south gable is a window with 6/3 sash and the remains of the same type shutter. The north gable end reveals the brick back of the first story fireplace. Behind the south side of the tall portion of the building is a 1 1/2-story frame wing, four bays long, covered with beaded weatherboard. There are two doors and two windows, with two dormers on the gable roof. A tall brick chimney rises from the center of this section. The small or shed addition slopes from the west gable. It has three windows with six-pane casements and louvered shutters. To the north of the addition is a deteriorated brick meathouse and to the south is a deteriorated frame milkhouse.

Significance: Architecturally, Exeter is the best preserved early-19th century vernacular building in Caroline County, especially in the realm of original decoration. It appears to be the earliest existing building in the vicinity of Federalsburg. The use of cypress shingle siding, often found in Worcester County, is unique to date in Caroline County. The floor plan is also unique in this county, indicating a builder of some sophistication. The rear portion of the building is very similar to other early-19th century dwellings in lower Caroline County and portions of Dorchester County.




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