4206, Euclid Ave., Baltimore, Baltimore City
The Schwartze Mansion is a large brick Greek Revival building constructed in 1845 in what is now the Irvington section of western Baltimore. The house stands two stories above a full basement, and is five bays wide by two rooms deep; a small service wing projects from the rear. The principal (south) façade is symmetrical, with a recessed central entrance with transom and sidelights flanked on either side by two 6/6 windows. Five 6/6 windows are ranged across the second story. A one-story portico with four Tuscan columns spans the three central bays of the façade. The building has a flat roofline embellished with a deep modillioned cornice above a frieze decorated with recessed panels. The end elevations have two 6/6 windows on each floor, between paired exterior chimney stacks; an excavated well across the west elevation serves an entrance to the basement. The exterior has a roughcast finish. The interior is laid out in a center-passage plan, and retains nearly all its original Greek Revival-influenced decorative detailing, including 8-panel doors, stair and balustrade, paneling, symmetrically molded architraves with bulls-eye corner blocks, and plaster cornice and ceiling ornament. A one-story modern garage abuts the west end of the north (rear) elevation; also on the property is a small gable-roofed garage which does not contribute to the significance of the resource. The house is sited on a landscaped ¾-acre lot, which is distinguished by a historic rubble-stone retaining wall and entrance gates.
The Schwartze Mansion is significant for its architecture, as a well-preserved example of a large mid-19th century estate house which reflects Greek Revival influence in its form, proportions, and detailing. The building retains the vast majority of its original fabric, including nearly complete interior decorative detailing, and has been meticulously and conservatively restored by the present owner. The Schwartze Mansion derives additional significance from its association with the family of Augustus Jacob Schwartze, a prominent founding investor in Baltimore’s important early 19th century textile industry, and with C. Irving Ditty, the Baltimore attorney who developed the community known as Irvington around the mansion beginning in the 1870s.