Sykesville Historic District
Sykesville, Carroll County
The Sykesville Historic District comprises 85 contributing resources within the corporate limits of Sykesville, a small town on the Patapsco River in southern Carroll County, Maryland. The district includes a cohesive group of houses, churches, and commercial buildings constructed between c. 1850 and c. 1925. The focus of the district is a two-block commercial area extending north along Main Street from the river, including a fine Queen Anne railroad station as well as several late-19th and early-20th-century frame storefronts and large scale brick bank and office buildings. Residential development characterizes the hillsides to the north, northeast, west, and southeast of the business district. The houses are generally of frame construction, and reflect a variety of turn-of-the-20th-century architectural influences including the vernacular "I-house" type and the popular foursquare, homestead, and bungalow forms; there are also a few examples of Queen Anne and Colonial Revival trends among the larger houses.
The Sykesville Historic District is significant for its architecture, comprising a cohesive collection of commercial, residential, and ecclesiastical buildings dating from c. 1850 through c. 1925; these buildings and their setting retain sufficient integrity to enable the district to convey a sense of a rural Maryland town in the first quarter of the 20th century. The houses within the district include frame "I-houses," reflecting a vernacular form used widely in rural Maryland from the mid-19th century through at least the first three decades of the 20th; in addition, several examples represent the popular Foursquare, "homestead," and bungalow trends of the early 20th century, and a number of larger houses on Springfield Avenue and Norwood Avenue reflect Queen Anne and Colonial Revival influence. The district also includes a small commercial area characterized by two- and three-story masonry buildings of eclectic Neoclassical and Georgian Revival design, and several two-story shed-roofed frame storefronts. The southern anchor of the district is an outstanding Queen Anne railroad station dated 1883, reflecting Sykesville's importance as an early stop on the Baltimore and Ohio main line.