Andrew P. Frizzel House and Farm Complex
3801, Salem Bottom Road, Westminster, Carroll County
The Andrew P. Frizzell House and Farm Complex is a well-preserved example of the Victorian style in rural Carroll County, Maryland. Built in 1896, the farmhouse retains many characteristics of the regional farmhouse tradition, such as the basic massing and proportions, two-story height, gable roof, and five-bay symmetrical façade. However, it also presents an up-to-date and fashionable Victorian appearance through its T-shaped plan and exterior ornamentation including the bracket cornice, centrally located gable dormer, three-bay porch with decorative motifs, and two-story bay window on the south gable end. It also retains numerous interior characteristics that display the Victorian period in Carroll County farmhouses including Queen-Anne style mantelpieces, gessoed cornice and picture frame moldings, grained doors and doorframes, and late 19th century boxlocks and hardware. The farm complex retains domestic and agricultural outbuildings, including a washhouse/smokehouse, privy, chicken house, corn crib, and bank barn, in a layout representative of the late 19th century in this region. The preservation of both the exterior and interior architectural features and the elements of the farmstead make the Frizzell House and Farm Complex an outstanding example of the Victorian period in Carroll County.
The Andrew P. Frizzell House and Farm Complex represents an untarnished view of the Victorian period's influences on a rural and traditionally conservative agrarian culture. The Maryland Piedmont region had inbred cultural traits that made it slow to change in favor of national trends. When change did occur, it generally appeared with a cultural time lag and in a muted form. The Andrew P. Frizzell House depicts these characteristics by retaining the basic form of the regional farmhouse tradition while presenting up-to-date and conservatively fashionable Victorian appearance through the use of decorative motifs and ornamentation. Furthermore the interior of the house has remained intact and this rare occurrence of interior architectural preservation sheds significant light on the influence of the Victorian styles on the middle-class in the Maryland Piedmont. In a similar manner, the same type of interpretation can be made on the farm complex and layout, especially the unusual orientation of the barn. The Frizzell family was a prominent farming family in this part of the county and active in local community affairs and with the Republican party. Andrew P. Frizzell hosted a reception for Republican Governor Lloyd Lowndes at his farm shortly after the house was constructed.