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Maryland's National Register Properties



Photo credit: Al Luckenbach, 07/1990
Aisquith Farm E Archaeological Site
Inventory No.:
Date Listed: 11/8/1991
Location: Anne Arundel County
Category: District
Period/Date of Construction: c. 1000 B.C. to 800 A.D.
Description: Aisquith Farm E Archaeological Site is one of several small sites located within the confines of Aisquith farm. Nineteen diagnostic artifacts were recovered during Phase I testing at the site. Four of the diagnostic artifacts were recovered from the site's surface, 12 from the plowzone, and 3 from sub-plowzone levels. Although there are few artifacts in the sub-plowzone levels, it does suggest that there are portions of the site which are intact and undisturbed. In addition to the diagnostic artifacts, numerous other artifacts were recovered including: oyster shell, lithic debitage, utilized flake tools, bifacially worked tools, sand and grit-tempered ceramics, other unidentified sherds, and gorget fragments. A small scattering of historic artifacts (probably representing field scatter) was also recovered. Additional artifacts within the collection of a local collector included a Kirk point, a Stanly point, a Piscataway point, a Brewerton Side-notched point, and a Calvert point, representing Early, Middle, and Late Archaic, and Late Woodland periods. Significance: Aisquith Farm E Archaeological Site is significant for its association with the Early and Middle Woodland periods of cultural development in Anne Arundel County. The site is significant as a base camp property type. Its location in the estuarine zone of the South River could potentially provide information concerning the subsistence and settlement patterns of the Early and Middle Woodland populations of the Coastal Plain Province. Additionally, data from the Selby Bay phase at Aisquith Farm E Archaeological Site, Rosehaven Shell Midden Site, and the Dorr Site could provide information concerning the broad base of Selby Bay subsistence and settlement activities. Each of these three sites was occupied through the Early and Middle Woodland periods (2000 B.C. -900A.D.) and contain components from the four phases within these periods (ie. Marcy Creek and Accokeek from the Early Woodland period, and Popes Creek and Selby Bay from the Middle Woodland period). The three sites are located in estuarine zones in diverse areas of the county.
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