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Maryland's National Register Properties



Photo credit: Jennifer K. Cosham, 04/10/2004
Highland Lodge
Inventory No.: F-3-157
Date Listed: 10/22/1998
Location: 5519 National Pike (Alt. US 40), Frederick, Frederick County
Category: Building
Period/Date of Construction: c. 1881; c. 1912
Description: The property known as Highland Lodge, and later as Pequea, consists of a large Victorian period frame house which is centered at the end of a circular driveway, and its complement of outbuildings. The house is eclectic in style with Gothic and Italianate features, large and rambling. It is a two-story six-bay house with a T-shaped plan and a prominent central projecting gable. The house was updated in the early 20th century by a subsequent owner, prominent local businessman Casper Cline. The renovations resulted in the addition of Colonial Revival style elements. Some later Colonial Revival features were added in the mid 20th century. While the house has overall symmetry of shape, the spacing of fenestration is irregular, giving the facade a slightly off-center appearance. The six bays are spaced with the central projecting gable having one bay, and the facade to the east having two bays and the facade to its west with three. Dormer windows are aligned with the other openings with a group of two on one side of the central gable and a group of three on the other side. The central projecting gable is dominated by a bracketed cornice, an arched attic window and a second story double window with two long, narrow sashes with arched tops. Beneath the porch which spans the front facade is the main entrance, a Colonial Revival style opening with elliptical fanlight and sidelights. This is one of the modifications to the house. Historic photographs reveal that a semi-hexagonal projecting bay was originally in this location and the main entrance was located in the next bay immediately to the west. In addition to the house, the property includes a frame stable and carriage house, both converted to garages, a small frame barn, a small log dwelling moved to the property in the early 20th century, a frame summer kitchen and a frame secondary dwelling located behind and to the southwest of the main house. The buildings are oriented to the Old National Pike and face north on a landscaped six-acre parcel. Along the front border of the property is a stone wall, with stone pillars and iron gates at the entrance. Significance: The summer "cottage" known as Highland Lodge is significant for its association with the development of the highlands west of Frederick city as the location of resort properties for the city's emerging professional and merchant class during the late 19th and early 20th century. Highland Lodge was built for John H. Williams, a wealthy and influential Frederick attorney and banker, as his summer home shortly after he purchased the property in 1881. Later, another prominent Frederick businessman, Casper E. Cline, also left his mark upon the property. Cline, who was a successful dealer in furniture, carpet, wallpaper, and "undertakers' goods" owned the property from 1912 to 1936. These two gentlemen, among the other owners of Highland Lodge, reflect the trend among the well-to-do in the late 19th and early 20th centuries to build fancy summer houses outside, but nearby, the city which contained their business, economic, and social interests. Highland Lodge is also significant for its architectural expression, an eclectic blend of aspects of the Gothic, Italianate, and Colonial Revival styles. Important features include a distinctive floor plan and elaborate decorative detailing executed in wood and plaster.

 

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