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Maryland's National Register Properties



Photo credit: MHT Files, n.d.
Jacob Koons Farm
Inventory No.: CARR-113
Date Listed: 5/25/2011
Location: 1151 Otterdale Mill Road, Taneytown, Carroll County
Category: Building
Period/Date of Construction: 1869
Description: The Jacob Koons Farm is located on the east side of Otterdale Mill Road on a generally flat or slightly undulating site. The farm complex consists of a stone house, a stone smokehouse, a frame summer kitchen, a frame bank barn, a frame privy, several sheds and two prefabricated metal buildings. According to the owner, there was once a wire metal fence and gate enclosing the yard in front of the house that replaced the picket fence seen in an historic photo. The house, constructed in 1869, is a five bay by two bay rubble stone structure with quoining at the corners. It has a gable roof of asphalt shingles with a north-south ridge. On each gable end are interior double brick chimneys. In the foundation of the front (west) fa├žade, the north and north-center bays have diamond-in-section wood louvers with 6-light windows set behind them. The center bay has a rubble stone porch foundation, with a concrete deck and brick piers under the front posts. The south-center and south bays each have the same 6-light windows as the north bay openings. The first story center bay has a four-panel door with octagonal bolection-molded panels. There is an eight-light transom above a plain transom bar. The door way has one panel in the soffit, one panel in each jamb at door level, and one panel at each jamb at transom level. The doorway has plain pilasters, and is sheltered by a one-story, one-bay porch with paired square columns. There are matching engaged square columns set against the wall of the house. On each side of the porch are railings with square balusters. The porch has a wood cornice and is pedimented on the west. The four remaining bays each have a 6/6 sash window with shutter hinges. The second story contains five of these windows. There is a wooden box cornice with paneled soffit and returns. On the north end of the house, there is a louvered window opening in the east bay. The first and second stories hold two typical 6/6 sash windows. The gable holds two four-light casement windows, between which is a marble date stone chiseled with, "J. Koons 1869." The raking eave cornice also has a paneled soffit. The porch on the east elevation is set under the symmetrical gable of the house and has the same cornice. The north end of the porch has German siding on both the first and second stories. The first story of the east elevation has no openings in the south or south-center bays. The central bay has a typical 6/6 sash window, and the north-center bay has a four-panel door that has sunk fields and beveled panel molds. There is an eight-light transom with a plain transom bar. The jambs have one panel at the door and another panel at the transom level on each side. There is also a single panel on the soffit. The panels are sunk and flat and have beveled panel molds. The north bay has an enclosed porch with German siding fastened with cut nails. It has a typical 6/6 sash window. The south elevation of this enclosure has German siding and infill of German siding where a door formerly stood. There is a two-story porch on this elevation that has three chamfered posts on the first story. On the second story the porch has seven chamfered posts with square balusters over a horizontal board rail. There is weatherboarding on the north center and north bays of the porch that covers the three northernmost posts and two sections of railing. The north and south bays on the second story hold 6/6 windows. There are no openings in the north-center and south-center bays. The center bay has a four-panel door with a two-light transom and paneled soffit and jambs. On the south elevation the foundation has a metal bulkhead door with brick cheek walls in the west bay. The east bay has a louvered window opening. Two 6/6 sash windows pierce the first and second stories each. The attic gable holds two four-light casement windows as on the north elevation. The gabled end of the porch on the east elevation is covered with German siding. A frame summer kitchen, one Significance: The Jacob Koons Farm is architecturally significant in that it embodies the distinctive characteristics of a Carroll County farm of the last half of the 19th century. The farm illustrates the process of the development of farms in Carroll County, where most first period structures were gradually replaced as farmers became more affluent in the 19th century. The property derives additional historical significance for its association with the development of agriculture in Carroll County; the evolution of the farmstead illustrates the effect of national economic cycles on these once prosperous farmers, another typical trend in Carroll County history.
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