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Maryland's National Register Properties

Photo credit: Jennifer K. Cosham, 04/26/2006
Woodsborough & Frederick Turnpike Company Toll House
Inventory No.: F-8-1
Date Listed: 9/24/1979
Location: 8505 Woodsboro Pike (MD 194) , Walkersville, Frederick County
Category: Building
Period/Date of Construction: first half 19th century
Description: The tollhouse sitting on the east side of Maryland Route 194 south of Walkersville was once part of the toll road run by the Woodsboro and Frederick Turnpike Company. The building is a two-story brick structure laid in common bond on a low, random-coursed stone foundation. It is four bays wide on the front (south) facade, two bays wide on the rear (north), and one room deep. A small interior end chimney is at each gable end above the standing-seam metal roof. A simple boxed cornice is under the eaves along teach long elevation and flat wood bargeboards stretch from the cornice to the chimney. The south facade has two entrances located in the two center bays and a window in each end bay. Both windows, presently boarded up, probably contained 6/6, double-hung sash. A one-story porch is located across this entire facade; its metal roof comes about a foot short of the eave line. On both the north facade and west gable end are two windows of 6/6, double-hung sash with narrow wood lintels. Two of these are boarded up. Above these in the west gable are two six-light windows with wood lintels; the north one retains a pair of shutters, in poor repair. Two other six-light windows are located in the east gable as well. Above the two windows on the north facade are two horizontal windows with sliding sash; these appear to have been added later. Attached to the east end of the tollhouse is a frame outbuilding which is covered with vertical boards and has a brick chimney. A small shed-roofed addition is attached to the north side of this. Significance: The Woodsboro and Frederick Turnpike Company tollhouse south of Walkersville in Frederick County is significant as part of the turnpike system that developed in Western Maryland in the second half of the 19th century. The National Road and several turnpikes connecting it to Baltimore revolutionized the transportation system in Western Maryland in the first half of the 19th century. Many short turnpikes were constructed at that time to feed into this major road. In the mid 19th century the National Road was superseded by the Baltimore and Ohio and Western Maryland railroads. The feeder turnpike system, however, grew with the success of the railroads and the increased need for better roads for farmers to transport their goods to the rail lines. Dozens of small companies sprang up in Western Maryland to answer this need, and the Woodsboro and Frederick Turnpike Company was one of them. This particular building was built in the first half of the 19th century and later converted for use as a tollhouse, a use it continued in for at least 40 years during the heyday of the small turnpike system. It is one of only half a dozen tollhouses remaining in Frederick County, and it is the least altered of these.
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