Photo credit: NWB , 08/1978

Property Name: Rockland Farm
Date Listed: 8/21/1986
Inventory No.: CARR-342
Location: 201, Rockland Road, Westminster, Carroll County

Description: The farmhouse at Rockland Farm is unique in Carroll County in its retention of the Pennsylvania German traditional three-room plan with a central chimney. This floor plan arrangement was a unique feature found in southeast and south-central Pennsylvania, but Rockland Farm is the only surviving example known in Carroll County. The house, built in 1795, also contains other Pennsylvania German traditions such as the asymmetrical main façade, basement root cellar with ground-level entrance and insulated ceiling joists, interior hardware, and second story guest room with period woodwork. The farmhouse is a two-story, three-bay by two-bay brick structure on a stone foundation built into a slope so that the asymmetrical main (east) façade has both a ground level basement entrance on the southern side and an entrance on the northern side of the first story. The brickwork on this façade is Flemish bond with a molded water table, while the other elevations are laid in common bond. The first story has 8/12 sash windows while the second story has 6/6. The gable ends have single windows on the first and second stories, and a 1 1/2-story frame washhouse has been relocated as an addition on the north gable end. The west elevation is asymmetrical, with a window in the northernmost bay, an offset entrance, and an unusually wide casement window with original or early-19th-century framing and a one-story shed-roofed porch. The second story has three 6/6 windows. The farmhouse has a gable roof with a centrally located chimney. Also on the property are the stone foundation of an 18th century springhouse, as well as a large frame barn and a corn crib, both dating to the late 19th century.

Significance: Rockland Farm depicts the late 18th century influences of the Pennsylvania German cultural region on central Maryland architecture. The farmhouse is unique in its retention of the traditional Pennsylvania German three-room plan with a central chimney, which is the only surviving example known in Carroll County. The house, built by Michael Arter in 1795, also expresses Pennsylvania German influence in its asymmetrical façade, basement root cellar with mud-and-straw insulation, interior hardware, and decorative detailing. Arter and his descendents are responsible for the construction of several important vernacular structures of Pennsylvania German origin in Carroll County. The house was later owned by other prominent Carroll Countians, including Michael Morelock, Sr., and Charles B. Roberts. The farm and property reflect the early heritage and cultural landscape of this region and the architectural changes in outbuildings throughout the history of the property.




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