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Maryland's National Register Properties



Photo credit: E. Wallace, 10/2004
Boonsboro Historic District
Inventory No.: WA-II-981
Other Name(s): Boones Berry Town; Margaretsville; Boonsborough
Date Listed: 12/23/2005
Location: Boonsboro, Washington County
Category: District
Period/Date of Construction: 1792-1959
Resources: 383 (288 contributing, 41 non-contributing)
Description: The town of Boonsboro is nestled against the wet side of South Mountain, just northwest of Turner's Gap on Alternate Route 40 the former National Road. It is a historically a linear town, its primary orientation along the Main Street or Alt. Rt. 40 corridor. The westward running Potomac Street (MD 34), the historic turnpike to Sharpsburg, and St. Paul Street to the east forms the primary cross street. Additional development occurred during the first decades of the 20th century along the Hagerstown-Boonsboro Electric Railway corridor on the north end of town, and around Shafer Park and the Boonsboro Cemetery after 1940. Historically, commercial businesses along the National Road (Main Street) catered to travelers with numerous taverns and hotels, and a variety of commercial craftsmen. Boonsboro of the early 21st century is generally a residential town with religious institutions representing several denominations and only a few scattered specialty businesses remaining in the historic town center area. The Boonsboro Historic District includes 562 contributing elements. Most of the late 18th and early 19th century development in Boonsboro occurred along Main Street, then part of a principal market road between Williamsport, Hagerstown, Frederick, and Baltimore. They are mainly of log, frame, or brick construction, with a few stone buildings interspersed. Residential buildings within the oldest section of town are primarily simple vernacular forms exemplified by the many 1- and 2-story, 3 bay log and brick houses. The larger stone and brick houses demonstrate Georgian or Federal influence with their 5 bay, central entrance symmetry. Many of the plain vernacular buildings were embellished during the period of the 1860s-1980s with Italianate, Gothic, or Queen Anne architectural elements such as brackets, gables, or towers and/or decorative trim. Nearly all buildings received a front porch with Queen Anne or Gothic trim or in the later Colonial Revival style. The majority of the buildings appear to date from the 1820-1850 period coinciding with peak use years of the National Road. Most houses near the town center are three, four, or five bays wide. Many have more than one front door suggesting combined residential and commercial use. In the early and mid 19th century, commercial and residential entrances were not particularly distinguishable from one another. A number of late 19th and early 20th century storefronts were added. The large and substantial brick and stone buildings located on the town square form the center of much of Boonsboro's earliest architecture. These buildings functioned variously as inns or hotels, a female seminary, a large merchandising house, and occasionally as dwellings. They are 5-7 bays in length with two or more entrances. There is a significant group of smaller Federal or Greek Revival-influenced brick structures from the 2nd quarter of the 19th century, with Flemish bond facades, 6/6 windows with jack arches, and formal doorways with transoms and sidelights. These date from the era when the turnpike from Baltimore to Cumberland was upgraded and became part of the National Road. Later (c. 1840-50) versions with a vague Greek Revival influence use 5-course common bond on the primary facade. The 1870-1900 period was one of continued prosperity, with additions and enhancements to existing buildings. Between 1910 and 1940 resulted in the signature mix of American Foursquare and Bungalow houses, and a few Colonial Revival and Dutch Colonial Revival styles, as well as Colonial Revival embellishments to existing structures. The 1940s-50s involved infill development of small efficient house designs intended by the FHA to provide the most space for the least cost. Other features of the district include the c. 1855 Boonsboro Cemetery laid out in a 19th-century curving plan with a number of exceptionally artistic gravestones, and the office/depot of the Hagerstown-Boonsboro Electric Railway and its right-of Significance: The Boonsboro Historic District is historically significant for its association with the development of Western Maryland following the opening of the National Road in the early 19th century. The road linked rural Washington County with the port of Baltimore as well as points to the west, and was an important influence on the agricultural, economic, and commercial development of the region throughout the 19th century. Boonsboro's location along the National Road, adjoining Turner's Gap through South Mountain, was strategically important during the American Civil War, and throughout the conflict the town experienced the passage of thousands of troops and accommodated the wounded soldiers left to the care of townspeople. Its growth through the first half of the 20th century, associated with another transportation corridor, the Hagerstown-Boonsboro Electric Railway branch line, is clearly apparent in the architectural character of the areas that were annexed into the town during that period. The Boonsboro Historic District derives additional significance as an excellent example of a type of linear development characteristic of town plans in the region in the 19th century, and for the wide variety of architectural types and styles represented by its component buildings, which chronicle the town's development from its founding in 1792 through the mid 20th century. The period of significance, from 1792-1959 tracks the continuous growth and evolution of the town through the date by which the district had substantially achieved its current form and appearance.

District Resources (383) (288 contributing, 41 non-contributing)

From associated listing in National Register nomination form. C = Contributing, NC = non-contributing, blank = not evaluated.

AddressStatusResource Name and MIHP (if any)
236 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
234 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
220 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
214 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
210 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
206 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
146 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
144 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
140-142 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
134 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-878 -- Mount Nebo United Methodist Church
122-124 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
120 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
312 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CCronise Market
310 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
116 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
64 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-867 -- Trinity Evangelical and Reformed Church
66 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-868 -- Trinity Evangelical and Reformed Church Parsonage
50 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
46 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
40 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
36 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
30-32 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
28 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
26 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
24 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
22 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
20 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
14-16 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
10-12 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-855 -- Boonsboro Liquors
6-8 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
2-4 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-853 -- U.S. Hotel
309 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
305 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
301 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
112 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
110 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
237 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
229 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
227 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
221 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
217 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
215 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
213 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
209 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
121 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
119 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
115 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
113 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
109 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
101 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
69 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
67 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
65 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
59-61 Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
49 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
45-47 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
41 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
37 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
29-31 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
27 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-763 -- IOOF Hall
23-25 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
21 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
15-19 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
9-11 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
5-7 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
1 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-769 -- McHenry's (The Hatch)
2-6 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
8-10 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
12-14 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
16-18 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
20 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-848 -- Boonsboro Hardware
24-26 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
30-32 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
36-38 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
40-42 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
44 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
102-104 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
108 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
112 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
114-116 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
118 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
120 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CPark Drive
200 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
204 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
206 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
208 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
210 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
214 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-830 -- True Value Hardware
N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CElectric Railway depot/Ice Co. office
412 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
414 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
416 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
418 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
420 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
422 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
424 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
1-5 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-770 -- Boone Hotel (Eagle Hotel, Mountain Glen Hotel, Commercial Hotel)
7-9 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-771 -- Fitz' Place
11 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
13-15 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
19 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-774 -- Boonsboro Public Library
N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-982 -- World War I Monument
21-23 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
27 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
29 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
31-33 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
39-41 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
43 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
101 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-781 -- The Heavenly Shop
103-105 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
109 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-783 -- Bast Furniture
113 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-784 -- Boonsborough Museum of History
115 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
119 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
121 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
300 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
302 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
308 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-829 -- Thomas & Sons, Inc.
314 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
316 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
318 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
320 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
330 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
332 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
400 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
404 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
215 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
221 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
227 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-790 -- VFW Building
229 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
239 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
241 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
243-245 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
303 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
305 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
307 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
311 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
315 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
319 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
323 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)CWA-II-478 -- Bowman House+G2893
327 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
331 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
333-335 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
337 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
409 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
419 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
421 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
423 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
425 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
427 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
Potomac Street (north/side)CPost Office
7 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
15 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
19 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
23 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
27 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
Potomac Street (MD 34)CWA-II-932 -- Trinity Evangelical Reformed Church (United Church of Christ)
35 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
101 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
105 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
107 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
111 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
115 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
123 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
203 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
207 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
211 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
217 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
221 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
225 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
14 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
34 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
36 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
106 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
110 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
112 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
114 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
118 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
220 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
224 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
230 Potomac Street (MD 34)CWA-II-915 -- Public School No. 7 (Old School Fabrics)
236 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
238 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
3 Saint Paul StreetC 
6-10 Saint Paul StreetC 
5 Saint Paul Street. CFirst Hose Co. of Boonsboro
122 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
124 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
202 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
206 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
212 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
28 Potomac Street (MD 34)C 
12 Saint Paul StreetC 
2 Saint Paul StreetCWA-II-940 -- First Christian Church
11 Saint Paul StreetCWA-II-959 -- Boonsboro Municipal Building
14 Saint Paul StreetC 
15-17 Saint Paul StreetC 
16 Saint Paul Street C 
21 Saint Paul Street C 
22 Saint Paul StreetC 
26 Saint Paul Street C 
34 Saint Paul StreetC 
35 Saint Paul StreetC 
36 Saint Paul StreetC 
37 Saint Paul StreetC 
40 Saint Paul StreetCWA-II-948 -- Weldon
50 Saint Paul StreetC 
60 Saint Paul StreetC 
101 Saint Paul StreetC 
102 Saint Paul StreetC 
104 Saint Paul StreetC 
105 Saint Paul StreetC 
106 Saint Paul StreetC 
111 Saint Paul StreetC 
112 Saint Paul StreetC 
8 High StreetC 
20 High StreetC 
21 High StreetC 
22 High Street C 
28 Hight StreetC 
Lakin and Center Street (4 Lakin Avenue)C 
101 Lakin AvenueC 
102 Lakin AvenueC 
103-105 Lakin AvenueC 
104 Lakin AvenueC 
107 Lakin AvenueC 
108 Lakin AvenueC 
109-111 Lakin AvenueC 
112 Lakin AvenueC 
113 Lakin AvenueC 
116 Lakin AvenueC 
117 Lakin AvenueC 
119 Lakin AvenueC 
120 Lakin AvenueC 
121 Lakin AvenueC 
122 Lakin AvenueC 
108 Saint Paul StreetC 
109 Saint Paul StreetC 
125 Lakin AvenueC 
127 Lakin AvenueC 
133 Lakin AvenueC 
134 Lakin AvenueC 
135 Lakin AvenueC 
136 Lakin AvenueC 
138 Lakin AvenueC 
139 Lakin AvenueC 
141 Lakin AvenueC 
130 Lakin AvenueC 
Center StreetC 
3 Young AvenueC 
14 Young AvenueC 
15 Young AvenueC 
17 Young AvenueC 
18 Young AvenueC 
19 Young AvenueC 
20 Young AvenueC 
21A Young AvenueC 
22 Young AvenueC 
8 Young AvenueC 
9 Young AvenueC 
10 Young AvenueC 
11 Young AvenueC 
5 Young AvenueC 
24 Young AvenueC 
25 Young AvenueC 
27 Young AvenueC 
28 Young AvenueC 
4 McKeldin DriveC 
5 McKeldin DriveC 
7 McKeldin DriveC 
8 McKeldin DriveC 
10 McKeldin DriveC 
108 Park LaneC 
4 Park ViewC 
6 Park ViewC 
8 Park ViewC 
10 Park ViewC 
3 Park DriveC 
4 Park DriveC 
12 McKeldin DriveC 
13 McKeldin DriveC 
14 McKeldin DriveC 
Park DriveC 
Park DriveC 
Cemetery Lane (west side of S. Main Street and south side of Potomac Street)CWA-II-977 -- Boonsboro Cemetery
136 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C 
7 Park DriveC 
10 Park DriveNC 
1012 Boon PlaceNC 
15 McKeldin DriveNC 
11 McKeldin DriveNC 
6 McKeldin DriveNC 
12 Young AvenueNC 
23 Young AvenueNC 
132 Lakin AvenueNC 
2 Young AvenueNC 
Lakin AvenueNCChurch
32 Center StreetNC 
114 Center StreetNC 
214 Center StreetNC 
230 Center StreetNC 
140 Lakin AvenueNC 
128 Lakin AvenueNC 
110 Saint Paul StreetNC 
31 Saint Paul StreetNC 
39 High StreetNC 
31 High StreetNC 
33 High StreetNC 
107 Saint Paul StreetNC 
alley behind 35 and 37 Saint Paul StreetNC 
56 Saint Paul StreetNC 
West corner of alley, Saint Paul Street (south/side)NC 
214 Potomac Street (MD 34)NC 
201 Sinnesen Drive (back half of lot with 214 Potomac Street)NC 
9 Saint Paul StreetNCWA-II-960 -- International Order of Red Men Hall
117 Potomac Street (MD 34)NC 
411 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)NC 
413 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)NC 
417 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)NC 
N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)NCF&M Bank
N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)NCSt. James Catholic Church
N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)NCHagerstown Trust Bank
N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)NCLaundromat
N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)NCAlex's Gas Station
233 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)NC 
300? S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)NC 
226-230 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)NC 
224 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)NC 
202 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NC 
150 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NC 
114 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NC 
118 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NC 
241 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NC 
108 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NC 
104-106 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NC 
107 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NC 
141 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NCWA-II-744 -- The Lilacs on Rose Hill
22 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NC 
33-35 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NC 
55-57 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NC 
51-53 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NC 
408 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NC 
334 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NC 
322-324 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NC 
326 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NC 
312 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NC 
321 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40)C/NC 
119 Potomac Street (MD 34)C/NC 
120 Potomac Street (MD 34)C/NC 
100 Potomac Street (MD 34)C/NC 
102 Potomac Street (MD 34)C/NC 
18 Potomac Street (MD 34)C/NC 
20 Potomac Street (MD 34)C/NC 
24 Potomac Street (MD 34)C/NC 
30 Potomac Street (MD 34)C/NC 
100 Saint Paul StreetC/NC 
41 Saint Paul StreetC/NC 
42 Saint Paul StreetC/NC 
27 Saint Paul StreetC/NC 
30 Saint Paul StreetC/NC 
23 Saint Paul Street C/NC 
18 Saint Paul StreetC/NC 
12 High StreetC/NC 
16 High StreetC/NC 
34 High StreetC/NC 
36 High StreetC/NC 
124 Lakin AvenueC/NC 
110 Lakin AvenueC/NC 
126 Lakin AvenueC/NC 
4 Young AvenueC/NC 
1 Young AvenueC/NC 
131 Lakin AvenueC/NC 
13 Young AvenueC/NC 
26 Young AvenueC/NC 
7 Young AvenueC/NC 
102 Park LaneC/NC 
Park DriveC/NCWA-II-976 -- Shafer Memorial Park (Boonsboro Park)
6 Park DriveC/NC 
47 Saint Paul Street  
237 N. Main Street (Alt. US 40) WA-II-792 -- Itnyre House, site
5 Stouffer Avenue WA-II-975 -- Lakin Farmhouse
223 S. Main Street (Alt. US 40)  

 

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