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Maryland's National Register Properties

Photo credit: D. Taylor, 03/2005
Rolling Mill Historic District
Inventory No.: AL-IV-A-169
Date Listed: 12/24/2008
Location: Parts of Williams, Elm, Spring, Short, Baker & Ascension Sreets, Miltenberger & Sheridan Place, Maryland Avenue, Cumberland, Allegany County
Category: District
Period/Date of Construction: c. 1870-c. 1950
Architect/Builder: Rizer, Bowman, Custner, Dixon, Dunn, Gravenstein, George, Taylor
Resources: 174 (165 contributing, 8 non-contributing)
Description: The Rolling Mill Historic District is a 38-acre primarily residential historic district located on the east side of the city of Cumberland, the county seat of Allegany County. The district contains a strong, locally distinctive concentration of wood and brick residences built between the early 1870s and the late 1940s. In addition to the district's domestic architecture, a modest commercial area exists along the south side of Williams Street, which forms a portion of the district's northern and northeastern boundary. The Rolling Mill Historic District contains 173 properties, including the previously listed c. 1870 Francis Haley House at 634 Maryland Avenue. The district's distinctive brick sidewalks are treated collectively as a single contributing structure, and the site of the B&O Railroad's Covered Reservoir is treated as a contributing site. The vast majority of the buildings in the district date from the period between 1880 and 1910; few post-date 1920. The overall development of the district is dense, with many of the buildings built with little or no front-lot or side-lot setbacks. The topography rises sharply east of Baker Street, and portions of Ascension and Baker Streets are unopened because of the steepness of the terrain. The area immediately west of the district was the original site of Miltenberger Lumber Co. and the B&O Rolling Mill for which the district was named. The mill and lumber yard were demolished many years ago and their site is now occupied by a modern strip retail center. A significant number of double houses are found in the district, likely built on speculation to house workers at the steel mill nearby. Through the years, ownership of many of these duplexes has been fractionalized, resulting in the subdivision of a previously single lot. Brick and wood appear nearly equally as construction materials, and most foundations are of stone, although some buildings dating from the 20th century exhibit foundations of concrete block, employing both rusticated and rock-faced profiles. Most properties are two stories in height with laterally oriented or front-facing gable roof. Some properties have shed roofs which slope from front to rear, with Italianate-style brackets or bracketed cornices. Other properties in the district exhibit a locally distinctive stylized Mansard roof which became something of a builder's trademark in the city throughout the late 19th and early 20th century. Some buildings retain historic chimneys but in many cases chimneys have been removed in the process of re-roofing or the retro-fitting of heating systems. Fenestration throughout the district employs double-hung sash units, generally set in flat-topped or segmental-arched openings. Many of the buildings in the district are of vernacular derivation, representing local building traditions. The formal architectural styles within the district include late hold-overs from the Greek Revival era, followed by Italianate, Queen Anne, Chateauesque, Colonial Revival, and Bungalow. Buildings with the aforementioned stylized Mansard roof systems hearken vaguely to the French Second Empire style but do not reflect this particular design mode in any pure sense. Approximately one third of the buildings in the district predate the turn of the 20th century with the remainder dating from the 20th century. Few postdate the 1920s. Alterations to the appearance of the buildings are typical of those found in any older neighborhood and include the replacement of historic window sashes with modern units, the application of non-historic siding, and a small number of porch removals. However, some sensitive rehabilitation activity has occurred, and the appearance of the district itself has changed little, despite the demolition of the mill to the west having radically altered the western viewshed. Significance: The Rolling Mill Historic District is significant for its architecture, as a historic late-19th and early-20th century residential neighborhood built adjacent to a major manufacturing facility and containing locally distinctive examples of vernacular, primarily working-class homes as well as some with formal antecedents, dating between the early 1870s and the 1940s. The district retains integrity in its physical qualities, associative values, design features, and specific aspects of construction which date from its period of significance.

District Resources (174) (165 contributing, 8 non-contributing)

From associated listing in National Register nomination form. C = Contributing, NC = non-contributing, blank = not evaluated.

AddressStatusResource Name and MIHP (if any)
251 Williams StreetC 
in front of multiple propertiesCbrick sidewalks
Baker's StreetCB&O Covered Reservoir
231 Williams StreetC 
4 Miltenberger PlaceC 
2 Miltenberger PlaceC 
239-241 Williams StreetC 
243(?) Williams StreetC 
245 Williams StreetC 
247 Williams StreetC 
604-606 Elm StreetC 
608-610 Elm StreetC 
612-614 Elm StreetC 
616 Elm StreetC 
618 Elm StreetC 
620 Elm StreetC 
622 Elm StreetC 
624-626 Elm StreetC 
628 Elm StreetC 
630 Elm StreetC 
632 Elm StreetC 
708 Elm StreetC 
710 Elm StreetC 
712 Elm StreetC 
714 Elm StreetC 
716 Elm StreetC 
718 Elm StreetC 
720 Elm StreetC 
722-724 Elm StreetC 
713 Elm StreetC 
711 Elm StreetC 
707 Elm StreetC 
705 Elm StreetC 
701-703 Elm StreetC 
635-641 Elm StreetC 
631-633 Elm StreetC 
629 Elm StreetC 
627 Elm StreetC 
623 Elm StreetC 
619 Elm StreetC 
617 Elm StreetC 
615 Elm StreetC 
613 Elm StreetC 
611 Elm StreetC 
609 Elm StreetC 
607 Elm StreetC 
601 Elm StreetC 
602-604 Maryland AvenueC 
606 Maryland AvenueC 
610 Maryland AvenueC 
612-614 Maryland AvenueC 
616-618 Maryland AvenueC 
622 Maryland AvenueC 
624 Maryland AvenueC 
628-632 Maryland AvenueC 
700 Maryland AvenueC 
710-712 Maryland AvenueC 
724(?) Maryland AvenueC 
728-730 Maryland AvenueC 
732 Maryland AvenueC 
734-736 Maryland AvenueC 
738 Maryland AvenueC 
740 Maryland AvenueC 
742 Maryland AvenueC 
744 Maryland AvenueC 
746-748 Maryland AvenueC 
750 Maryland AvenueC 
752-754-756 Maryland AvenueC 
758 Maryland AvenueC 
764 Maryland AvenueC 
766 Maryland AvenueC 
768 Maryland AvenueC 
800 Maryland AvenueC 
804 Maryland AvenueC 
806 Maryland AvenueC 
812-814 Maryland AvenueC 
815 Maryland AvenueC 
813 Maryland AvenueC 
809-811 Maryland AvenueC 
805-807 Maryland AvenueC 
803 Maryland AvenueC 
767 Maryland AvenueC 
763-765 Maryland AvenueC 
761 Maryland AvenueC 
759 Maryland AvenueC 
757 Maryland AvenueC 
753-755 Maryland AvenueC 
751 Maryland AvenueC 
749 Maryland AvenueC 
745-747 Maryland AvenueC 
741 Maryland AvenueC 
739 Maryland AvenueC 
737 Maryland AvenueC 
733-735 Maryland AvenueC 
721 Maryland AvenueC 
715 Maryland AvenueC 
711-713 Maryland AvenueC 
709 Maryland AvenueC 
707 Maryland AvenueC 
705 Maryland AvenueC 
701-703 Maryland AvenueC 
631-633 Maryland AvenueC 
627-629 Maryland AvenueC 
623-625 Maryland AvenueC 
617-621 Maryland AvenueC 
613-615 Maryland AvenueC 
609 Maryland AvenueC 
607 Maryland AvenueC 
605 Maryland AvenueC 
619 Baker StreetC 
626 Baker StreetC 
640 Baker StreetC 
642-644 Baker StreetC 
648-650 Baker StreetC 
347 Williams StreetC 
329-329 Williams StreetC 
325 Williams StreetC 
317-319 Williams StreetC 
315 Williams StreetC 
Williams Street and Maryland AvenueC 
265 Williams StreetC 
263 Williams StreetC 
261 Williams StreetC 
259 Williams StreetC 
700-702 Baker StreetC 
703-705 Baker StreetC 
704-706 Baker StreetC 
707 Baker StreetC 
720-722 Baker StreetC 
724-726 Baker StreetC 
728 Baker StreetC 
730 Baker StreetC 
732 Baker StreetC 
734 Baker StreetC 
740-742 Baker StreetC 
744 Baker StreetC 
401-403 Ascension StreetC 
405-407 Ascension StreetC 
409 Ascension StreetC 
417-419 Ascension StreetC 
423 Ascension StreetC 
429(?) Ascension StreetC 
433 Ascension StreetC 
437 Ascension StreetC 
201 Spring StreetC 
200-202 Spring StreetC 
204-206 Spring StreetC 
205 Spring StreetC 
207 Spring StreetC 
212 Spring StreetC 
209 Spring StreetC 
305(?) Jefferson StreetC 
307 Jefferson StreetC 
310-312 Jefferson StreetC 
314(?) Jefferson StreetC 
409 Sheridan PlaceC 
403 Sheridan PlaceC 
359 Williams StreetC 
rear, 359 Williams StreetC 
355-357 Williams StreetC 
349 Williams StreetC 
729 Maryland AvenueC 
727 Maryland AvenueC 
725 Maryland AvenueC 
634 Maryland AvenueCAL-IV-A-128 -- Francis Haley House
723 Maryland AvenueNC 
736 Baker StreetNC 
255 Williams StreetNC 
652 Baker StreetNC 
731 Maryland AvenueNC 
810 Maryland AvenueNC 
rear, 628-632 Maryland AvenueNC 
625 Elm StreetNC 
rear, 634 Maryland Avenue  


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