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Maryland's National Register Properties



Photo credit: Ann Steele, 12/1980
Faust Brothers Building
Inventory No.: B-1081
Date Listed: 12/7/1994
Location: 307-309 W. Baltimore Street, Baltimore, Baltimore City
Category: Building
Period/Date of Construction: c. 1875
Architect/Builder: Builder: Benjamin F. Bennett
Description: The Faust Brothers Building is a five-story brick commercial building with a cast-iron façade above an altered storefront, erected about 1875. It is located on the south side of West Baltimore Street, about 100’ west of North Howard Street in central Baltimore City, Maryland. Then upper façade remains virtually intact, with four bays of segmental-arched window openings framed by Corinthian columns. The top-story openings hold 2/4 sash; the second, third, and fourth floors are lighted by large 4/4 windows. The windows are set deeply within the openings, which have paneled soffits; the spandrels between the arches are decorated with molded panels. The floor levels are marked by intermediary cornices with modillions. The building cornice has a deep overhang, supported on paired foliated consoles above a row of dentils and a paneled frieze. The corners of the façade are defined by alternating rusticated and paneled iron blocks, imitating stone quoins. The rear elevation, fronting on Redwood Street, is 6 stories high, with a loading dock at street level. The two lower stories are cast iron, with four segmental-arched openings flanked by paneled pilasters with Corinthian capitals. Each arch opening has a foliated keystone decoration; the spandrels are enriched with small cartouches. The intermediary cornices have modillions and dentils. The upper four stories are brick. Significance: The Faust Brothers Building is significant as representing a Full Cast Iron Front type building. It is also noteworthy for the two-story cast-iron front on the south side along Redwood Street. The building is the only known example of cast-iron fronts on the front and back elevations.

 

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