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Maryland's National Register Properties

Photo credit: Michael F. Dwyer, 10/1974
Inventory No.: PG:74B-13
Other Name(s): Smith House
Date Listed: 4/1/1999
Location: 18611 Queen Anne Road, Upper Marlboro, Prince Georges County
Category: Building
Period/Date of Construction: 1770s, 1800, 1860
Description: Hazelwood is a large asymmetrical frame dwelling, built over a long period of time in three discrete sections: a low gambrel-roofed section dating from the 18th century, a gable-roofed Federal-style dwelling dating from the very early 19th century, and a tall gable-front Italianate-style central section constructed about 1860 tying the two earlier sections together. All are covered with German siding. This composite dwelling stands on high ground west of and overlooking the site of Queen Anne town on the Patuxent River; the house faces west toward the old Marlborough-Queen Anne Road. The gambrel-roofed section, to the south is 1 1/2-stories high, three bays by two, with 9/9 sash windows. Three gable-roofed dormer windows with 6-light casement windows light the half story on either slope of the roof. The peak of each dormer gable is highlighted by three small jigsawn brackets. Similar, but not identical, brackets punctuate the shallow cornice at the eaves. The south end of the structure is hipped, with a narrow corbeled interior chimney rising from the slope. There is an entrance in the northernmost bay of the west facade, through a six-panel door sheltered by a shed-roofed canopy. The north section of the building is 2 1/2-stories high, three bays by three. Windows are 4/4 sash on the second story and long 6/6 sash on the first. Windows have applied bracketed lintels. There is a central flush cross gable in each of the east and west facades, converted from original central dormers. Each is lighted by an eight-pane round-arched casement window. The overhanging eaves are punctuated on the north, east, and west elevations by decorative jigsawn brackets. There is a corbeled exterior brick chimney just east of the ridge, positioned between the central and eastern bays of the north gable end. The three-story central section of the building, connecting the other two, is one wide bay wide and an irregular four bays deep. The main west gable front is highlighted by a round-arched 6/6 sash window in the upper story. Below this is a two-story hip-roofed semi-octagonal projecting bay. The first story of this bay is lighted in each of its three faces by 6/6 sash windows with bracketed lintels. The second story of the projecting bay is open, with latticework balustrade, and openings formed into arches with latticework. The eaves of the hip roof are decorated with a continuous course of jigsawn pendants. Opening onto the second-story balcony is a long 6/6 sash window. The deeply overhanging eaves of the west gable are decorated with large and deeply profiled jigsawn brackets, as are the eaves of the east gable end at the rear. There are two large cross gables positioned symmetrically in each of the north and south planes of the gable roof. Each of these four cross gables is lighted by a single round-arched 6-light casement window. The apex and two corners of each cross gable are marked with a small jigsawn bracket. Also on the property are several domestic and agricultural outbuildings, and the reputed sites of two cemeteries. Significance: Hazelwood is significant for its architectural merit. A three-part house built over a period of approximately 3/4 of a century, and containing three discrete styles and forms of domestic architecture, Hazelwood is unique among historic buildings of Prince George's County. Its individual sections can be compared with only a few other historic buildings in the county, but no other structure exhibits its sequential combination of the three separate elements. The resource derives additional significance from its intact collection of secondary structures and landscape features, which exemplify the evolution of a substantial agricultural enterprise in Prince George's County from the period preceding the Revolutionary War up to the Great Depression.


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