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Maryland's National Register Properties

Photo credit: Paula S. Reed, 09/2000
Inventory No.: F-6-123, WA-IV-265
Date Listed: 7/19/2001
Location: 17130 Raven Rock Road (MD 491) , 17130 Raven Rock Road (MD 491), Sabillasville, Frederick County, Washington County
Category: Building
Period/Date of Construction: c. 1906
Description: Built c. 1906 as a summer residence in the Blue Ridge Mountain resort community on the Maryland-Pennsylvania border, Tipahato is a large 2 1/2-story stone and frame house constructed into a steep slope, with a raised basement. The house features an eclectic mix of architectural styles popular around the turn of the 20th century. The basement and first story of the building are constructed of local Catoctin Mountain greenstone. The second story is frame covered with natural cedar shingles. Its square massing and emphasis on horizontal lines, low profile hipped roof, and hipped dormers, are all typical of the American Foursquare style. Features such as the knee braces or brackets along the wide overhanging eaves and the use of natural building materials was made popular by the Bungalow/Craftsman architectural style. The use of projecting bays, shingle siding, and the wraparound porch were common elements of the Late Victorian Queen Anne style. Other architectural elements commonly found in houses built during this time period are the multi-pane windows, geometric colored glass detailing around the front entrance, the masonry porch piers, and the paired columns (a Colonial Revival style detail) supporting the porch roof. A small hip-roofed addition projects from the central upper level of the front elevation. It probably dates from within 20-30 years after the initial construction. The property commands an expansive view of the surrounding mountain landscape. There are several outbuildings associated with the house, including a small cottage, a stone icehouse, a stone springhouse, and a small frame barn. Significance: The house known as Tipahato is significant as an impressive example of a type of rural summer residence that reflects the eclectic melding of several distinctive architectural styles popular in the early 20th century. In particular, the styles represented by this building include the Craftsman/Bungalow, American Foursquare, the Late Victorian Queen Anne, and Colonial Revival styles. Built c. 1906 as a summer "cottage" by a wealthy urbanite from Baltimore, the natural stone and cedar shingle construction blends well into the mountain landscape. As with many of the summer houses in the nearby villages of Pen Mar, Blue Ridge Summit, Highfield, and Cascade, the immense size and stylish appearance of Tipahato stands in marked constrast to the vernacular dwellings typical of the region. Tipahato's wide veranda offers spectacular views of the Western Maryland countryside, in accordance with its character as a rural retreat dwelling.


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