Skip to Main Content

Maryland's National Register Properties



Photo credit: Julie Darsie, 01/2001
South Central Avenue Historic District
Inventory No.: B-5058
Date Listed: 11/11/2001
Location: Approx 8 blocks centering on Central Ave. Bet. Pratt & Fleet Sts., Baltimore, Baltimore City
Category: District
Period/Date of Construction: c. 1820-1950
Boundary Description: Approximately 8 blocks, centering on Central Ave. between Pratt and Fleet Streets.
Resources: 117 (100 contributing, 9 non-contributing)
Description: The South Central Avenue Historic District is comprised of brick two- and three-story industrial and residential buildings. Its variegated streetscapes reflect over 150 years of utilitarian adaptation of buildings and space. As a center of ancillary industry, the district is characterized by relatively small-scale, vernacular industrial buildings that display additive massing and traces of incremental change. Early 19th century rowhouses, late 19th century and early 20th century manufacturing and warehouse buildings, gas stations, stables, car barns, commercial/residential buildings, and corner stores are all interspersed within this dense historic district. Several larger buildings like the Bagby Furniture Building (4 stories), the Strauss Malt House (5 stories), and the Alameda School contrast with the smaller industrial concerns whose compound, low-scale massing often follows historic lot lines. While the district is urban in character with buildings constructed up to the property lines, there are vacant lots serving storage and loading functions. Alterations provide a physical record of the evolution and change that characterized this area. The transformation of existing building stock in this singular precinct testifies both to the importance of this location, the scale and lack of capital often characterizing new or smaller businesses, and the need for continuous operations that result in incremental change to existing buildings. Chapels became foundries, schools became warehouses, rowhouses accommodated small manufacturers and suppliers. Typical changes include new ground floor openings, infilled window openings, replacement windows, and additions. Many rowhouses have been covered with formstone, a typical Baltimore alteration that signals continued owner occupancy. None of these changes impair the overall integrity of the historic district’s buildings. Significance: The South Central Avenue Historic District exemplifies the texture and scale of industrial development that sustained Baltimore’s growth during the 19th century and first half of the 20th century. Comprised of industrial, commercial, institutional, and residential buildings, the district records the evolution of ancillary industries against the backdrop of the urban infrastructure that made their existence possible. The South Central Avenue Historic District is significant for illustrating the evolution of ancillary industries supporting Baltimore’s diversified manufacturing economy. In a fashion often characteristic of 19th century urban land use, industrial development congregated in less desirable areas along the margins of thriving urban settlements. Central Avenue, formerly Harford Run, served as the spine running through an area situated between Fells Point and Jones Town. Fueled by access to transportation and the labor of successive waves of immigrants, this ethnically and racially diverse working class area was a locus of ancillary industrial production servicing Baltimore’s textile, brewing, canning, and construction industries. Marked by transitions in ethnic and racial groups, businesses, and the neighborhood’s place vis-à-vis the city at large, the South Central Avenue Historic District survives to exemplify the commonplace, small-scale industry coexisting with residential settlement that supported Baltimore’s growth during the 19th century through the first half of the 20th century.

District Resources (117) (100 contributing, 9 non-contributing)

From associated listing in National Register nomination form. C = Contributing, NC = non-contributing, blank = not evaluated.

AddressStatusResource Name and MIHP (if any)
510 S. Eden StreetC 
432 S. Eden StreetC 
430 S. Eden StreetC 
428 S. Eden StreetC 
426 S. Eden StreetC 
424 S. Eden StreetC 
422 S. Eden StreetC 
420 S. Eden StreetC 
418 S. Eden StreetC 
416 S. Eden StreetC 
414 S. Eden StreetC 
412 S. Eden StreetC 
410 S. Eden StreetC 
408 S. Eden StreetC 
406 S. Eden StreetC 
404 S. Eden StreetC 
402 S. Eden StreetC 
400 S. Eden StreetC 
427 S. Eden StreetC 
425 S. Eden StreetC 
423 S. Eden StreetC 
421 S. Eden StreetC 
417 S. Eden StreetC 
415 S. Eden StreetC 
407 S. Eden StreetC 
405 S. Eden StreetC 
403 S. Eden StreetC 
401 S. Eden StreetC 
318 S. Eden StreetC 
316 S. Eden StreetC 
314 S. Eden StreetC 
312 S. Eden StreetC 
310 S. Eden StreetC 
509-521 S. Exeter StreetCB-1011 -- Bagby Furniture Company Building
413-421 S. Central AvenueC 
405 S. Central AvenueC 
403 S. Central AvenueC 
401 S. Central AvenueC 
302 S. Central AvenueCB-1100 -- Straus Malt House
300 S. Central AvenueC 
321 S. Central AvenueC 
319 S. Central AvenueC 
317 S. Central AvenueC 
315 S. Central AvenueC 
313 S. Central AvenueC 
311 S. Central AvenueC 
309 S. Central AvenueC 
307 S. Central AvenueC 
305 S. Central AvenueC 
225 S. Central AvenueC 
217 S. Central AvenueC 
213 S. Central AvenueC 
211 S. Central AvenueC 
209 S. Central AvenueC 
207 S. Central AvenueC 
201 S. Central AvenueC 
253 S. Central AvenueC 
251 S. Central AvenueC 
249 S. Central AvenueC 
228 S. Eden StreetC 
1403 Bank StreetC 
1405 Bank StreetC 
1407 Bank StreetC 
1409 Bank StreetC 
1411 Bank StreetC 
1413 Bank StreetC 
1415 Bank StreetC 
1417 Bank StreetC 
1419 Bank StreetC 
1425 Bank StreetC 
1427 Bank StreetC 
1429 Bank StreetC 
1022 Fawn StreetC 
1211 Gough StreetC 
1300 Gough StreetC 
1302 Gough StreetC 
1304 Gough StreetC 
1306 Gough StreetC 
1308 Gough StreetC 
1310 Gough StreetC 
1001 E. Pratt StreetC 
1005 E. Pratt StreetC 
300 S. Eden StreetC 
250 S. Eden StreetC 
1305 Eastern AvenueC 
1325 Eastern AvenueC 
1400 Eastern AvenueC 
1200 Bank StreetC 
1208 Bank StreetC 
1216 Bank StreetC 
1218 Bank StreetC 
1220 Bank StreetC 
1015 E. Pratt StreetC 
1142-1136 E. Pratt StreetC 
1307 E. Pratt StreetC 
1309 E. Pratt StreetC 
1311 E. Pratt StreetC 
1313 E. Pratt StreetC 
1312 Eastern AvenueC 
1139-1145 Granby StreetC 
1025 Eastern AvenueNC 
1320 Eastern AvenueNC 
1315 E. Pratt StreetNC 
1212 Bank StreetNC 
238 S. Eden StreetNC 
222 S. Eden StreetNC 
206 S. Eden StreetNC 
301 S. Central AvenueNC 
306 S. Eden StreetNC 
210 S. Central AvenueC/NCB-4492 -- Baltimore International Culinary College Culinary Arts Center (School # 2, David E. Weglein Elementary School)
402 S. Caroline StreetC/NC 
227 S. Central AvenueC/NCB-1068 -- Startzman Tannery
124 S. Central AvenueC/NC 
1030 Eastern AvenueC/NC 
1300 Bank StreetC/NC 
1007 E. Pratt StreetC/NC 
Central Avenue B-5054 -- Harford Run Headwall & Drain, under Central Avenue

 

Return to the National Register Search page