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Maryland's National Register Properties



Photo credit: Julie Darsie, 03/2003
Federal Hill South Historic District
Inventory No.: B-5092
Date Listed: 12/22/2003
Location: Baltimore, Baltimore City
Category: District
Period/Date of Construction: c. 1830-1945
Architect/Builder: Architects: Jackson Gott, Charles Carson, Anton Pohl, L. I. O'Connor, John S. Gittings (developer)
Resources: 211 (171 contributing, 37 non-contributing)
Description: The Federal Hill South Historic District is generally bounded on the north by the Federal Hill Historic District, on the east by a waterfront redevelopment corridor, on the south by Fort Avenue and Ostend Street, and on the west by Marshall Street and Olive Street. Largely laid out before the 1823 Poppleton Plan, the district has an irregular street grid. Brick rowhouses are the most common building type in this dense neighborhood. Rowhouses are concentrated in the eastern part of the district, where modest two- and three-story houses line the blocks that cap a waterfront ridge. Rowhouses represent a continuum of development from c. 1830 through the early 20th century, and most blocks include a robust mixture of types. Small groups of identical houses and dramatic topographical changes create undulating cornice lines, emphasizing the vertical arrangement of individual houses over the horizontal arrangement of the unified blockfront. The steeples of two substantial c. 1860s Gothic Revival Roman Catholic churches soar above the residential skyline. Commercial buildings, the second most common type, are concentrated in the western part of the district. The linear spine of the neighborhood commercial district runs south from Cross Street Market along primary thoroughfares; Light Street, Charles Street, and Fort Avenue. Small brick commercial buildings that mirror residential types are the most common commercial buildings in the district. Larger commercial buildings dating from the 20th century are also seen on Light and South Charles Streets. A branch library building, a local hospital building, two school buildings, and a police station (constructed in the late 19th and early 20th century) complete the built environment of the commercial section. The Federal Hill South Historic District, largely intact, represents an urban industrial neighborhood. A specifically Baltimorean assortment of features characterize alterations in the district. Formstone-fronted rowhouses with window displays of religious and sporting iconography also sit cheek-by-jowl with rowhouses with restored facades and roof decks. Changes to commercial buildings, such as updated storefronts, are typical of the property type. Alterations in the district indicate continuous building use and neighborhood vitality. While individual buildings have been altered, these changes have not affected the integrity of the district as a whole. All-important building massing, form, and rhythm of the streetscapes remain legible to represent the historic district's identity as an urban industrial neighborhood. Significance: The Federal Hill South Historic District is significant on a local level for its association with Baltimore's immigrant settlement patterns. Located at the heart of Baltimore's industrial waterfront, Federal Hill South stands to represent its working class, immigrant population and their successful economic and social strategies. Characterized by dense streetscapes lined with modest rowhouses and commercial structures, the Federal Hill South Historic District mirrors the robust diversity of Baltimore's working class during the period of neighborhood development, c. 1830-1945. The district derives additional significance for its cohesive collection of residential, commercial, and ecclesiastical buildings representing the broad range of architectural forms and expressions typical of the city's urban industrial neighborhoods. First settled by a largely German immigrant population in the 1830s, Federal Hill South continued to support an increasingly heterogeneous population through the end of World War II, when the aftermath of wartime booms and postwar out-migration changed the social and cultural character of the district.

District Resources (211) (171 contributing, 37 non-contributing)

From associated listing in National Register nomination form. C = Contributing, NC = non-contributing, blank = not evaluated.

AddressStatusResource Name and MIHP (if any)
1139-1459 Battery Avenue (odd)C 
1144-1460 Battery Avenue (even)C 
1142 Battery AvenueC 
1134-1140 Battery AvenueC 
1126-1132 Battery AvenueC 
1118-1124 Battery AvenueC 
1110-1116 Battery AvenueC 
1106-1108 Battery AvenueC 
1102-1104 Battery AvenueC 
1100 Battery AvenueC 
1101-1103 Battery AvenueC 
1105-1107 Battery AvenueC 
1109-1111 Battery AvenueC 
1113-1115 Battery AvenueC 
1117-1123 Battery AvenueC 
1125 Battery AvenueC 
1127 Battery AvenueC 
1129 Battery AvenueC 
1131 Battery AvenueC 
1133 Battery AvenueC 
1135-1137 Battery AvenueC 
37-137 Birckhead Street (even and odd)C 
1100-1106, 1110-1112, 1140-1201, 1208-1238 S. Charles Street (even)C 
1101-1103, 1113, 1119-1121, 1139-1203, 1205-1209, 1215-1237 S. Charles Street (odd)C 
1204-1206 S. Charles StreetC 
1138 S. Charles StreetC 
1136 S. Charles StreetC 
1134 S. Charles StreetC 
1132 S. Charles StreetC 
1128-1130 S. Charles StreetC 
1126 S. Charles StreetC 
1124 S. Charles StreetC 
1122 S. Charles StreetC 
1118-1120 S. Charles StreetC 
1116 S. Charles StreetC 
1114 S. Charles StreetC 
1108 S. Charles StreetC 
1105 S. Charles StreetC 
1115-1117 S. Charles StreetC 
1123 S. Charles StreetC 
1125 S. Charles StreetC 
1127 S. Charles StreetC 
1129 S. Charles StreetC 
1131 S. Charles StreetC 
1133 S. Charles StreetC 
1135-1137 S. Charles StreetC 
100-446 E. Clement Street (even and odd)C 
1420-1454 Covington Street (even)C 
1, 15, 35-41, 49-101, 145-199, 225-339 E. Cross Street (odd)C 
43 E. Cross StreetC 
45 E. Cross StreetC 
47 E. Cross StreetC 
139-143 E. Cross StreetC 
137 E. Cross StreetC 
131 E. Cross StreetC 
127-129 E. Cross StreetC 
123-125 E. Cross StreetC 
121 E. Cross StreetC 
117-119 E. Cross StreetC 
113-115 E. Cross StreetC 
111 E. Cross StreetC 
109 E. Cross StreetC 
105-107 E. Cross StreetC 
103 E. Cross StreetC 
221-223 E. Cross StreetC 
219 E. Cross StreetC 
217 E. Cross StreetC 
215 E. Cross StreetC 
213 E. Cross StreetC 
311 E. Cross StreetC 
207-209 E. Cross StreetC 
205 E. Cross StreetC 
201-203 E. Cross StreetC 
317-319 E. Cross StreetC 
315 E. Cross StreetC 
313 E. Cross StreetC 
309 E. Cross StreetC 
305-307 E. Cross StreetC 
303 E. Cross StreetC 
301 E. Cross StreetC 
417 E. Cross StreetC 
415 E. Cross StreetC 
409-413 E. Cross StreetC 
401-407 E. Cross StreetC 
1100 block Durst Street (even and odd)C 
1115 Durst Street (Avenue)C 
1200 block Durst Street (even and odd)C 
1300 block Durst Street (even and odd)C 
1400 block Durst Street (even and odd)C 
400-421 Folsom Street (even and odd)C 
36-454 E. Fort Avenue (even)C 
101-447 Gittings Street (odd)C 
100-198, 202-220, 224-446 Gittings Street (even)C 
1127-1129 Hall AlleyC 
1200 block Hall Street (Alley) (even and odd)C 
1300 block Hall Street (Alley) (even and odd)C 
1400 block Hall Street (Alley) (even and odd)C 
1411-1454 Henry Street (even and odd)C 
1245-1253 Knox Court (odd)C 
1110-1112, 1132-1212, 1230-1236, 1242-1308, 1312-1434, 1438-1458 Light Street (even)C 
1139-1197, 1201-1209, 1213-1235, 1261-1425, 1429-1459 Light Street (odd)C 
1130 Light StreetC 
1116 Light StreetC 
1114 Light StreetC 
1104-1106 Light StreetC 
1102 Light StreetC 
1101 Light StreetC 
1103 Light StreetC 
1117 Light StreetC 
1119-1121 Light StreeetC 
1123 Light StreetC 
1125 Light StreetC 
1127-1131 Light StreetC 
1133-1135 Light StreetC 
1137 Light StreetC 
1251 Light StreetCB-1389 -- Enoch Pratt Free Library, Light Street Branch
1105-1115 Light Street (118, 120, & 122 Weber Street)CB-5188 -- Mayer's Department Store, site (Epstein's Department Store)
1427 Light StreetCB-5181 -- School 33 (Armistead Public School No. 33) (Map Only)
1210-1446 Marshall Street (even and odd)C 
2-8 W. Ostend Street (even)C 
28 E. Ostend StreetCB-4289 -- Southern District Police Station
30-134 E. Ostend Street (even)C 
39-139 E. Ostend Street (odd)C 
1214-1233 Patapsco Street (even and odd)C 
1101-1107, 1121-1125, 1145-1457 Riverside Avenue (odd)C 
1144-1458 Riverside Avenue (even)C 
1132-1142 Riverside AvenueC 
1128-1130 Riverside AvenueC 
1124-1126 Riverside AvenueC 
1120-1122 Riverside AvenueC 
1116-1118 Riverside AvenueC 
1104-1114 Riverside AvenueC 
1100-1102 Riverside AvenueC 
1109 Riverside AvenueC 
1111-1113 Riverside AvenueC 
1115-1117 Riverside AvenueC 
1119 Riverside AvenueC 
1129 Riverside AvenueC 
1131 Riverside AvenueC 
1133-1135 Riverside AvenueC 
1137-1143 Riverside AvenueC 
401-425 Sanders Street (even and odd)C 
1202-1240 Wall Street (even)C 
1201-1209 and 1213-1239 Wall Street (odd)C 
6 E. West StreetC 
8-12 E. West StreetC 
302 E. West StreetC 
112 E. West StreetCB-3487 -- Allen Center for Senior Citizen
110 E. West StreetCB-3486 -- Holy Cross Parish Office
108 E. West StreetCB-3485 -- Holy Cross Roman Catholic Church
106-112 E. West StreetCB-5081 -- Holy Cross Roman Catholic Church Complex
1-313 E. West Street (odd)C 
14-104, 114-300, 304-312 E. West Street (even)C 
1101-1103, 1143-1479 William Street (odd)C 
1108-1112, 1126-1230, 1238-1248, 1252-1478 William Street (even)C 
1122-1124 William StreetC 
1114-1120 William StreetC 
1102-1106 William StreetC 
1100 William StreetC 
1107-1109 William StreetC 
1111-1113 William StreetC 
1115-1117 William StreetC 
1119 William StreetC 
1121 William StreetC 
1123 William StreetC 
1125 William StreetC 
1127 William StreetC 
1129 William StreetC 
1131-1133 William StreetC 
1135-1137 William StreetC 
1139 William StreetC 
1107-1109 S. Charles StreetNC 
1111 S. Charles StreetNC 
1211-1213 S. Charles StreetNC 
3-11 E. Cross StreetNC 
13 E. Cross StreetNC 
17-19 E. Cross StreetNC 
21 E. Cross StreetNC 
23 E. Cross StreetNC 
25 E. Cross StreetNC 
27 E. Cross StreetNC 
29-31 E. Cross StreetNC 
33 E. Cross StreetNC 
133-135 E. Cross StreetNC 
311 E. Cross StreetNC 
124-130 E. Fort AvenueNC 
200 Gittings StreetNC 
1100 Light StreetNC 
1108 Light StreetNC 
1118-1122 Light StreetNC 
1124-1128 Light StreetNC 
1211 Light StreetNC 
1214-1228 Light StreetNC 
1238-1240 Light StreetNC 
1237-1259 Light StreetNC 
1310 Light StreetNC 
1436 Light StreetNC 
1127 Riverside AvenueNC 
1211 Wall StreetNC 
128-136 Weber StreetNC 
14 E. West StreetNC 
E. West StreetNC 
200 E. West StreetNC 
205 E. West StreetNC 
1105 William StreetNC 
1232-1236 William StreetNC 
1250 William StreetNC 
1401 William StreetNC 
124-126 Weber Street B-3504 -- Alley Houses
1100 block Hall Street (Alley) (even and odd)  
5 Kaufman Court  

 

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