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Maryland's National Register Properties



Photo credit: Fred B. Shoken, 11/2002
Mayfield Historic District
Inventory No.: B-1362
Date Listed: 1/6/2004
Location: Baltimore, Baltimore City
Category: District
Period/Date of Construction: 1860-1955
Architect/Builder: Architect: John Eyring; Harold Wagner. Builder: Frank Novak
Resources: 406 (405 contributing, 1 non-contributing)
Description: Mayfield is a residential community of approximately 16 city blocks in northeast Baltimore, four miles from downtown, roughly bounded by two city parks and a reservoir--Clifton Park, Herring Run Park, and Lake Montebello. The district is comprised of a variety of residential building types, including free-standing Victorian frame houses, small brick rows, large early-20th century suburban villas, and early to mid-20th century frame tract houses and masonry duplexes. Many of the houses have associated garages. Five churches and a small commercial grouping complete the 408 properties in the built environment of the district. The western portion of the district, between Lake Montebello and Harford Road (including the east side of Harford Road), is the oldest and most diverse. Lots are generally smaller, with brick rows and duplexes filling gaps between Victorian era houses on larger lots. The southeastern edge of the district features notable, large single-family suburban villas on quarter-acre or larger lots built in a variety of styles popular in the early 20th century. The remainder of the district is made up of later tract houses and masonry duplexes dating from c. 1920-1945. Harford Road, a major traffic artery, gives way to quite tree-lined streets in the interior of the community, including two streets with landscaped medians on the eastern half of the district. A variety of stone walls, fences, terraced lawns, and private gardens are the chief landscape features within the district. Straddling Harford Road, a major traffic artery running northeasterly from downtown towards Harford County, the community is laid out in a fairly regular street grid, bisecting Harford Road at right angles. The oldest house in the district is a five-bay brick house at 3210 Harford Road, featuring two corbeled chimneys, projecting bracketed eaves, and a later portico entrance. In the late 19th century, other freestanding houses were constructed along Harford Road. To the west, the residential community of freestanding frame houses defined by expansive front porches was established from 1890 to 1910. Brick and frame duplexes of the same period, and later bowed-front tan brick duplexes with galvanized metal cornices and front porches filled in the gaps between earlier houses. As Baltimore's urban environment continued to spread to this area, larger groupings of brick duplexes and rowhouses were built within Mayfield, filling vacant lots. The few remaining undeveloped lots in the northwestern portion of the district were developed with later suburban style houses. These c. 1930 stucco cottages with pronounced stone chimneys and steeply sloped slate roofs are more typical of suburban style development that took place east of Harford Road. Suburban villas, tract houses, and duplexes later filled in any empty lots. The conditions of the properties are generally very good to excellent, and the neighborhood overall retains a high degree of integrity. Significance: Mayfield is significant for its association with the suburbanization of Baltimore and as an example of a type of residential neighborhood which characterized the area in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The neighborhood embodies the distinctive characteristics of a community that evolved from a mid to late-19th century rural settlement along an early turnpike route into an early-20th century residential neighborhood on the cusp of urban/suburban development. Beginning in about 1860, Mayfield developed as a community, and was substantially complete by 1955. The district retains housing types encompassing all stages of its evolution: early rural freestanding buildings, turn-of-the-20th-century frame houses in a village setting, early-20th century brick duplexes and rowhouses filling gaps between earlier frame houses, early-20th century suburban villas on large lots, and later suburban style frame tract houses and brick duplexes. Mayfield combines characteristics of both the severe rowhouse grid of urban neighborhoods south of Clifton Park and the contoured roads and freestanding houses of inner ring suburban neighborhoods north of Herring Run Park. The historic district is notable for its park-like surroundings, which act as a buffer between this heterogeneous mix of urban and suburban building types and contrast with the more homogenous urban and suburban neighborhoods in its immediate vicinity. While there are few individually distinctive buildings within the district, the built environment as a whole is significant, representing the evolving character of Baltimore from rural to urban to suburban. As a neighborhood built up primarily in the early automobile era, another distinctive feature of Mayfield is the variety of garages often designed to be compatible with large individually designed houses. Mayfield housed noteworthy Baltimore residents, as well as other middle-class citizens, mostly of Germanic heritage. The historic district designation of Mayfield fills a gap, both chronologically and geographically, between the older, urbanized Baltimore East/South Clifton Park Historic District and the suburban Lauraville Historic District to the north.

District Resources (406) (405 contributing, 1 non-contributing)

From associated listing in National Register nomination form. C = Contributing, NC = non-contributing, blank = not evaluated.

AddressStatusResource Name and MIHP (if any)
3501 Harford RoadC 
3503 Harford RoadC 
3505 Harford RoadC 
3507 Harford RoadC 
3509 Harford RoadC 
3511 Harford RoadC 
3513 Harford RoadC 
3515 Harford RoadC 
3517 Harford RoadCEmanuel Reformed Episcopal Church
3600 Harford RoadC 
3602 Harford RoadC 
3604 Harford RoadC 
3606 Harford RoadC 
3608 Harford RoadC 
3610 Harford RoadC 
3601 Harford RoadC 
3603 Harford RoadC 
3605 Harford RoadC 
3607 Harford RoadC 
3615 Harford RoadCSt. Francis of Assisi Church
2100 Kentucky AvenueC 
2104 Kentucky AvenueC 
2108 Kentucky AvenueC 
2112 Kentucky AvenueC 
2116 Kentucky AvenueC 
2101 Kentucky AvenueC 
2105 Kentucky AvenueC 
2109 Kentucky AvenueC 
2113 Kentucky AvenueC 
2119 Kentucky AvenueC 
2121 Kentucky AvenueC 
2201 Kentucky AvenueC 
2203 Kentucky AvenueC 
2205 Kentucky AvenueC 
2207 Kentucky AvenueC 
2209 Kentucky AvenueC 
2211 Kentucky AvenueC 
2213 Kentucky AvenueC 
2215 Kentucky AvenueC 
2217 Kentucky AvenueC 
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2221 Kentucky AvenueC 
2223 Kentucky AvenueC 
2225 Kentucky AvenueC 
2227 Kentucky AvenueC 
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2415 Kentucky AvenueC 
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2419 Kentucky AvenueC 
2421 Kentucky AvenueC 
2100 Lake AvenueC 
2102 Lake AvenueC 
2104 Lake AvenueC 
2106 Lake AvenueC 
2108 Lake AvenueC 
2108 1/2 Lake AvenueC 
2110 Lake AvenueC 
2112 Lake AvenueC 
2114 Lake AvenueC 
2116 Lake AvenueC 
2101 Lake AvenueC 
2103 Lake AvenueC 
2109 Lake AvenueC 
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2201 Lake AvenueC 
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2209 Lake AvenueC 
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2400 Lake AvenueC 
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2410 Lake AvenueC 
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2405 Lake AvenueC 
2407 Lake AvenueC 
2409 Lake AvenueC 
3401 Lake Montebello DriveC 
3403 Lake Montebello DriveC 
3405 Lake Montebello DriveC 
3407 Lake Montebello DriveC 
3409 Lake Montebello DriveC 
3411 Lake Montebello DriveC 
3413 Lake Montebello DriveC 
3415 Lake Montebello DriveC 
3601 Lake Montebello DriveC 
2101 Lake Montebello DriveC 
2103 Lake Montebello DriveC 
2105 Lake Montebello DriveC 
2107 Lake Montebello DriveC 
2109 Lake Montebello DriveC 
2111 Lake Montebello DriveC 
2113 Lake Montebello DriveC 
2115 Lake Montebello DriveC 
2119 Lake Montebello DriveC 
2200 Mayfield AvenueC 
2202 Mayfield AvenueC 
2204 Mayfield AvenueC 
2212 Mayfield AvenueC 
2214 Mayfield AvenueC 
2224 Mayfield AvenueC 
2201 Mayfield AvenueC 
2203 Mayfield AvenueC 
2205 Mayfield AvenueC 
2207 Mayfield AvenueC 
2209 Mayfield AvenueC 
2310 Mayfield AvenueC 
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2316 Mayfield AvenueC 
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2407 Mayfield AvenueC 
2409 Mayfield AvenueC 
2413 Mayfield AvenueC 
3301 Norman AvenueC 
3302 Norman AvenueC 
3401 Norman AvenueC 
3403 Norman AvenueC 
3405 Norman AvenueC 
3407 Norman AvenueC 
2114 Pelham AvenueC 
2116 Pelham AvenueC 
2105 Pelham AvenueC 
2107 Pelham AvenueC 
2202 Pelham AvenueC 
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2210 Pelham AvenueC 
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2222 Pelham AvenueC 
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2209 Pelham AvenueC 
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2400 Pelham AvenueC 
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2211 Chesterfield AvenueC 
2213 Chesterfield AvenueC 
2215 Chesterfield AvenueC 
2217 Chesterfield AvenueC 
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2225 Chesterfield AvenueC 
2227 Chesterfield AvenueC 
2229 Chesterfield AvenueC 
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2235 Chesterfield AvenueC 
2401 Chesterfield AvenueC 
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2405 Chesterfield AvenueC 
2407 Chesterfield AvenueC 
2409 Chesterfield AvenueC 
2411 Chesterfield AvenueC 
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2415 Chesterfield AvenueC 
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2501 Chesterfield AvenueC 
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2505 Chesterfield AvenueC 
3305 Crossland AvenueC 
3307 Crossland AvenueC 
3309 Crossland AvenueC 
3311 Crossland AvenueC 
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3315 Crossland AvenueC 
3317 Crossland AvenueC 
3401 Crossland AvenueC 
3403 Crossland AvenueC 
3405 Crossland AvenueC 
3407 Crossland AvenueC 
3409 Crossland AvenueC 
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3505 Crossland AvenueC 
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3600 Crossland AvenueC 
3602 Crossland AvenueC 
3604 Crossland AvenueC 
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3610 Crossland AvenueC 
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3614 Crossland AvenueC 
3601 Crossland AvenueC 
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3605 Crossland AvenueC 
3607 Crossland AvenueC 
3609 Crossland AvenueC 
3611 Crossland AvenueC 
3613 Crossland AvenueC 
3615 Crossland AvenueC 
3617 Crossland AvenueC 
3619 Crossland AvenueC 
3621 Crossland AvenueC 
3623 Crossland AvenueC 
2100 Dobler AvenueC 
2102 Dobler AvenueC 
2104 Dobler AvenueC 
2106 Dobler AvenueC 
2101 Dobler AvenueC 
2103 Dobler AvenueC 
2105 Dobler AvenueC 
2107 Dobler AvenueC 
2109 Dobler AvenueC 
2111 Dobler AvenueC 
2113 Dobler AvenueC 
2100 Erdman AvenueC 
2102 Erdman AvenueC 
2106 Erdman AvenueC 
2108 Erdman AvenueC 
2101 Erdman AvenueC 
2103 Erdman AvenueC 
2105 Erdman AvenueC 
2109 Erdman AvenueC 
2200 Erdman AvenueC 
2210 Erdman AvenueC 
2214 Erdman AvenueC 
2220 Erdman AvenueC 
2300 Erdman AvenueC 
2306 Erdman AvenueC 
2310 Erdman AvenueC 
2316 Erdman AvenueC 
2400 Erdman AvenueC 
2402 Erdman AvenueC 
2404 Erdman AvenueC 
2406 Erdman AvenueC 
2410 Erdman AvenueC 
2500 Erdman AvenueC 
2502 Erdman AvenueC 
3202 Harford RoadC 
3206 Harford RoadC 
3210 Harford RoadC 
3218 Harford RoadC 
3220 Harford RoadC 
3302 Harford RoadC 
3304 Harford RoadC 
3306 Harford RoadC 
3308 Harford RoadC 
3310 Harford RoadC 
3400 Harford RoadC 
3402 Harford RoadC 
3404 Harford RoadC 
3406 Harford RoadC 
3408 Harford RoadC 
3410 Harford RoadC 
3412 Harford RoadC 
3414 Harford RoadC 
3416 Harford RoadC 
3418 Harford RoadC 
3420 Harford RoadC 
3401 Harford RoadC 
3403 Harford RoadC 
3405 Harford RoadC 
3411 Harford RoadC 
3413 Harford RoadC 
3415 Harford RoadC 
3417 Harford RoadC 
3419 Harford RoadC 
3500 Harford RoadC 
3502 Harford RoadC 
3504 Harford RoadC 
3506 Harford RoadC 
3508 Harford RoadC 
3510 Harford RoadC 
3514 Harford RoadNC 

 

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