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Maryland's National Register Properties



Photo credit: Julie Darsie, 06/2003
Woodberry Historic District
Inventory No.: B-1353
Date Listed: 12/29/2003
Location: Baltimore, Baltimore City
Category: District
Period/Date of Construction: 1843-1956
Resources: 45 (43 contributing, 2 non-contributing)
Description: The Woodberry Historic District is a c. 1840-c. 1950 mill village located on the west side of the Jones Falls Valley in Baltimore City. Isolated from other neighborhoods by topography, transportation arteries, and parkland, Woodberry retains a pastoral, village-like atmosphere characterized by narrow streets and footpaths, front and back yards, and open space. Building types in Woodberry include c. 1840s stone duplexes, c. 1870s-c. 1950s rowhouses, c. 1870s-c. 1890s freestanding residences, five commercial buildings, and two churches. The irregular grid of Woodberry's narrow streets only connects to the rest of Baltimore via Clipper Road, Druid Park Drive, and 41st Street. Several footpaths, some paved with brick, lead form the houses to the mills and churches. The house at 2095 Rockrose Avenue is an early-19th century mansion, 2 1/2 stories high and five bays wide, of stuccoed masonry. It is now part of a large nursing home complex, Alice Manor, and is partially obscured by new construction. The early stone residences in Woodberry were constructed in the 1840s, and line Clipper Road at the east end of the district. They include 16 duplexes, one early single residence with a later attached duplex, and the supervisor's residence. All of these buildings are constructed of semi-coursed gneiss stone. Many have details such as rough quoins, stone lintels or sills, and brick chimneys. Between c. 1865 and 1900, many freestanding and duplex residences were built, particularly along Druid Park Drive. The freestanding residences are mostly frame, and 2 or 2 1/2 stories in height, with either side gable, front gable, flat, or hipped roofs. Most have front porches, and many have entrances on side elevations. The rowhouse is the most common building type in Woodberry. Rowhouses were constructed in the district from c. 1875 through the 1950s, long after the rest of Baltimore abandoned rowhouses for the suburbs. Unlike those in more densely settled Baltimore neighborhoods, Woodberry's rowhouses are set back from the street and typically have front porches. Woodberry's rowhouses are attached (part of a row), semi-detached (part of a duplex), and freestanding. Of the five purpose-built commercial buildings in Woodberry, only one dates to the 20th century. The oldest is a c. 1850 two-story brick building with a Palladian window in its gable end. This building served as Woodberry's first store/post office/social hall. The 1867 Woodberry Methodist Church is a gable-front Gothic Revival church with a three-story corner tower. Shiloh United Apostolic Church currently occupies the building. The Shechinah Temple (now Woodberry Bible Church) is a one-story gable-front frame building constructed in 1930. The Woodberry Historic District retains its integrity, and its location and setting, including its proximity to extant mills, the Jones Falls, and the railroad line, convey the symbiotic relationship between the residential neighborhood, industries, and transportation corridors. Significance: The Woodberry Historic District is significant for its association with the industrial development of Baltimore's Jones Falls Valley as a center of textile manufacture in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The district derives addition significance as an example of a type of industrial village that characterized the Jones Falls Valley in the period. Woodberry's cohesive collection of residential, commercial, and ecclesiastical buildings represents the range of architectural forms and expressions typical of the valley's industrial villages. Within its tightly confined area, Woodberry exhibits a cross-section of mill-workers' housing types in clearly legible layers of development. Stone duplexes from the 1840s reflecting the earliest phase of industrial housing; c. 1865-1890 brick or wood-frame single-family houses and duplexes, and small brick rows, as well as 20th century rowhouse blocks are each found in distinct sections of Woodberry. Neighboring Druid Hill Park and Cylburn Arboretum surround the district in a verdant landscape rare within Baltimore City, and Woodberry incorporates the small-scale, variegated texture more commonly found in rural communities of the period. The dwellings are primarily set along narrow, dead-end streets that terminate with wooded vistas or views to the mills. Buildings are sited on comparatively spacious, landscaped lots that provided space for gardening, small-scale agriculture and animal husbandry, and outdoor plumbing. The Woodberry Cotton Mill was founded by H. N. Gambrill, David Carroll, and associates in 1843 on the site of Elisha Tyson's Woodberry Flouring Mill. The last neighboring textile mill, Meadow Mill, was sold in 1956. Although some individual buildings have experienced alterations, overall the community retains remarkable integrity and clearly conveys its history as the focus of the Jones Falls Valley textile industry.

District Resources (45) (43 contributing, 2 non-contributing)

From associated listing in National Register nomination form. C = Contributing, NC = non-contributing, blank = not evaluated.

AddressStatusResource Name and MIHP (if any)
2095 Rockrose AvenueCMansion House
3604-3606 Clipper RoadCFront-gable Stone Duplex
3708-3710 Clipper RoadCFront-gable Stone Duplex
3608-3612 Clipper RoadCStone Residence with Attached Duplex
3624-3626 Clipper RoadC2-story-plus-attic (double-pile) Stone Residence
3700-3702 Clipper RoadC2-story-plus-attic (double-pile) Stone Residence
3527-3607 Clipper RoadC2-story-plus-attic (single-pile) Stone Residence
3506-3540 Clipper RoadC2-story Stone Residence
3638-3640 Clipper RoadC2-story Stone Residence
3711-3713 Clipper RoadCSupervisor's House
2005-2025 Druid Park DriveCFree-standing Residences
2029 Druid Park DriveC2-story House
2071 Druid Park DriveC2-story House
2054 Druid Park DriveCItalianate Brick Parsonage
2069 Druid Park DriveCFront-gable Residence
2072-2074 Druid Park DriveC3-story, Second Empire Duplex
2004-2010 Girard AvenueC4-bay, Front-gable Buildings
3601-3603 Parkdale AvenueC4-bay, Front-gable Buildings
2000-2018 Rockrose AvenueCLate 19th Century Rowhouses
2060-2078 Rockrose AvenueCLate 19th Century Rowhouses
2001-2009 Girard AvenueCLate 19th Century Rowhouses
3600-3614 Hooper AvenueCLate 19th Century Rowhouses
2033-2065 Druid Park DriveCLate 19th Century Rowhouses
2075-2081 Druid Park DriveCLate 19th Century Rowhouses
2066 Druid Park DriveCLate 19th Century Rowhouses
3624-3640 Malden AvenueCLate 19th Century Rowhouses
3601-3645 Malden AvenueCEarly 20th Century Rowhouses
3600-3620 Keystone AvenueCEarly 20th Century Rowhouses
2122-2156 Druid Park DriveCEarly 20th Century Rowhouses
2089 Druid Park DriveCEarly 20th Century Rowhouses
3600-3622 Malden AvenueCDaylight Rowhouses
3604-3622 Parkdale AvenueCDaylight Rowhouses
3607-3635 Keystone AvenueCDaylight Rowhouses
2006-2052 Druid Park DriveCWorld War II-Era Rowhouses
3603-3623 Parkdale AvenueCWorld War II-Era Rowhouses
2010-2032 Girard AvenueCWorld War II-Era Rowhouses
3501 Clipper RoadCStore/Post Office/Social Hall
2053 Druid Park DriveCStore
3600 Parkdale AvenueCBrick Store
3600 Malden AvenueCStore
2000 Girard AvenueCStore
2000 Druid Park DriveCWoodberry Methodist Episcopal Church
2015 Girard AvenueCShechinah Temple
2057-2087 Rockrose AvenueNCRowhouses
3535 Clipper RoadNCMetal Storage Building

 

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