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Maryland's National Register Properties

Photo credit: Traceries, 02/2003
Winters Lane Historic District
Inventory No.: BA-3067
Date Listed: 12/21/2007
Location: Winters Lane, Catonsville, Baltimore County
Category: District
Period/Date of Construction: 1867-1945
Resources: 165 (148 contributing, 17 non-contributing)
Description: The Winters Lane Historic District in Catonsville is an historically African-American residential community located between Frederick Road and the Baltimore National Pike. The linear historic district runs north-south along Winters Lane with associated historic resources fronting the intersecting streets of Edmonson Avenue, Shipley Avenue, Roberts Avenue, Leewood Avenue, and Old Frederick Road. Winters Lane Historic District is composed mainly of single-family dwellings augmented by a few commercial, social, or religious resources. The historic properties, which developed between 1867 and the mid 1940s, are vernacular in design and workmanship, reflecting the working-class status of the residents. The district contains 155 properties, including 141 residential properties, two former schools, three commercial buildings, three social clubs, and five churches or church-related buildings. The housing fronting Winters Lane was largely speculative development, with single-family freestanding and twin or duplex buildings similarly constructed and detailed. Set close to the road on narrow lots, the residential and social buildings are typically wood frame with solid masonry foundations. The few masonry structures in the district were constructed of rock-faced concrete block or stretcher-bond brick. Cladding materials include wood weatherboard, aluminum siding, vinyl siding, asbestos shingles, and some brick facing. Rooflines, reflecting the fashionable architectural styles of the period during which they were erected, are side gable, front gable, cross gable, hipped, and sloping with minimal applied detailing to the cornice lines. A number of the side-gabled roofs were accented with steeply pitched front gables indicative of the Gothic Revival style. Architectural styles influencing the forms and detailing of the vernacular buildings on Winters Lane include the Queen Anne, Gothic Revival, Colonial Revival, Bungalow/Craftsman, Cape Cod, American Foursquare, shotgun, and ranch house. Many of the non-historic dwellings within the district imitate the architectural detailing and forms of their neighbors. The endurance of Winters Lane as a cohesive African American neighborhood predominantly isolated from the larger community of Catonsville is based on the establishment and continued existence of educational, commercial, social, and religious activities. The original use of many of these properties, particularly the educational, social, and religious resources, has evolved, but the buildings remain prominent elements in the neighborhood. These include the original schoolhouse on Edmonson Avenue and Winters Lane, Banneker Public School (now the community center), Grace AME Church, Morning Star Baptist Church, Mount Olivet United Methodist Church, Full Gospel Tabernacle Church, Upper Room Prayer Garden, Temple of Faith Church of God in Christ, and Landmark Lodge No. 40 of the Free and Accepted Masons. These buildings are all purpose-built with meeting space and prominently set on larger lots. Settlement along Winters Lane was greatly aided in 1867 by the construction of the wood-frame school at 100 Edmonson Avenue for African American children. Three bays wide and three deep, on a rubble stone foundation, the one-story school is accented by Gothic Revival detailing. The building currently serves as a church. The Landmark Lodge No. 40 of the Free and Accepted Masons at 48-1/2 Winters Lane is a one-story wood-frame vernacular building that was constructed in 1889 as the Morning Star Baptist Church. A few commercial buildings servicing the community formerly stood at Edmonson Avenue and Winters Lane, but the wood-frame buildings have been razed and replaced in the 20th century. Significance: The Winters Lane Historic District is historically significant for its association with the development of the African-American community in the Catonsville area. It exemplifies a cohesive African-American neighborhood that began to develop immediately following the Civil War, with the settlement of former slaves along the road's northern end and the establishment of a "colored" school on property purchased by the Freedmen's Bureau at the southern end after the Civil War. By 1877, Winters Lane was the most subdivided north-south road in Catonsville, although a number of the lots were not yet developed. Despite its relationship to the growing Baltimore suburb of Catonsville, the African American neighborhood along Winters Lane developed in relative isolation. The linear neighborhood achieved a high level of community involvement with locally owned and operated African-American businesses, churches, and social institutions established in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The Winters Lane Historic District, the larges and most intact mid-19th century African American neighborhood in Baltimore County, has continued to maintain a sense of place with descendants of its original settlers residing there today. The neighborhood consists of 155 properties including 141 dwellings, five churches or church-related buildings, three commercial buildings, two former schools, and three social buildings. Of the 155 properties in the Winters Lane Historic District, 135 resources contribute to the significance of the district. Benjamin Winter settled in Catonsville shortly after the War of 1812 and established Winters Lane as the primary road connecting his property to the Frederick Turnpike, then a major thoroughfare connecting Baltimore to the outlying farming regions. Until the 1880s, the community of Catonsville was made up of large estates and summer retreats owned by upper-class residents of Baltimore City. Many of these large estates were bought in the latter part of the 19th century by local developers, who began to subdivide the land into smaller lots. The newly subdivided lots were then improved by smaller dwellings occupied year-round by middle-class residents. Following the conclusion of the Civil War in 1865, the Harris family, formerly enslaved at the Crosby estate, settled an area directly north of Winters Lane, past the Old Frederick Turnpike. This settlement, known as Harristown, along with the establishment of an African American school at the corner of Winters Lane and Edmonson Avenue in 1867 by the Freedmen's Bureau, prompted the growth of an African-American community in this part of Catonsville. Subdivision of Winters Lane began at its northern and southern ends and moved inwards as large estates were slowly redeveloped. By 1910, 75% of African Americans residing in Catonsville lived along Winters Lane, making it one of the most intact mid-19th century African-American neighborhoods in Baltimore County. The African-American community on Winters Lane soon supported a large number of businesses, churches, and fraternal organizations that served to solidify and strengthen the identity of the neighborhood. The oldest remaining African-American church in Catonsville, now known as Grace AME Church, was established in 1868. Local groceries and the Masonic Lodge served as community meeting spaces, reinforcing the cohesiveness of the neighborhood.

District Resources (165) (148 contributing, 17 non-contributing)

From associated listing in National Register nomination form. C = Contributing, NC = non-contributing, blank = not evaluated.

AddressStatusResource Name and MIHP (if any)
36 Winters LaneC 
38A/B Winters LaneC 
40A/B Winters LaneC 
42 Winters LaneC 
44 Winters LaneC 
46 Winters LaneC 
48 Winters LaneC 
48 1/2 Winters LaneCBA-2646 -- Landmarks Lodge No. 40, Free & Associated Masons, Prince Hall
50 Winters LaneC 
52 Winters LaneC 
57 Winters LaneC 
58 Winters LaneCBA-3255 -- Western Star Lodge Building
59 Winters LaneC 
60-1/2 Winters LaneC 
61 Winters LaneC 
62 Winters LaneC 
100 Edmondson AvenueC 
823 Edmondson AvenueCMount Olivet Methodist Church
903 Edmondson AvenueC 
905 Edmondson AvenueC 
906 Edmondson AvenueC 
907 Edmondson AvenueC 
107 Fusting AvenueC 
5914 Old Frederick RoadC 
5916 Old Frederick RoadC 
5920 Old Frederick RoadC 
5926 Old Frederick RoadC 
5930 Old Frederick RoadC 
5931 Old Frederick RoadC 
5932 Old Frederick RoadC 
5933 Old Frederick RoadC 
5934 Old Frederick RoadC 
5935 Old Frederick RoadC 
6000 Old Frederick RoadC 
5920 Leewood AvenueC 
5922 Leewood AvenueC 
5926 Leewood AvenueC 
5928 Leewood AvenueC 
20-22 Shipley AvenueC 
24-26 Shipley AvenueC 
28-30 Shipley AvenueC 
32-34 Shipley AvenueC 
156 Wesley AvenueC 
206 Wesley AvenueC 
207 Wesley AvenueC 
20 Winters LaneCBA-2306 -- Old Catonsville High School (St. Mark's School)
21 Winters LaneC 
28A/B Winters LaneC 
30 Winters LaneC 
32 Winters LaneC 
34 Winters LaneC 
63 Winters LaneC 
65-65-1/2 Winters LaneC 
67 Winters LaneC 
67 1/2 Winters LaneCBA-2912 -- Grace African Methodist Episcopal Church
69 Winters LaneC 
71 Winters LaneC 
20 Roberts AvenueC 
2-4 Shipley AvenueC 
6 Shipley AvenueC 
8-10 Shipley AvenueC 
12 Shipley AvenueC 
14 Shipley AvenueC 
15 Shipley AvenueC 
16 Shipley AvenueC 
17 Shipley AvenueC 
76 Winters LaneC 
77 Winters LaneCBA-2913 -- Charles C. Woodland House
78 Winters LaneC 
79 Winters LaneC 
80 Winters LaneC 
81 Winters LaneC 
82 Winters LaneC 
83 Winters LaneC 
84 Winters LaneC 
85 Winters LaneC 
22 Main AvenueC 
23 Main AvenueC 
1 Roberts AvenueC 
2-4 Roberts AvenueC 
3 Roberts AvenueCSecond Morning Star Baptist Church/Upper Room Prayer Garden
6 Roberts AvenueC 
100 Winters LaneCBA-2139 -- Catonsville Colored School (Full Gospel Tabernacle)
104 Winters LaneC 
106-108 Winters LaneC 
117 Winters LaneC 
118-120 Winters LaneC 
119 Winters LaneC 
121 Winters LaneC 
122-1/2 Winters LaneC 
123 Winters LaneC 
125 Winters LaneC 
127 Winters LaneC 
129 Winters LaneC 
130 Winters LaneC 
131 Winters LaneC 
132 Winters LaneC 
134 Winters LaneC 
135 Winters LaneC 
137 Winters LaneC 
139 Winters LaneC 
140 Winters LaneC 
142 Winters LaneC 
146 Winters LaneC 
148 Winters LaneC 
150 Winters LaneC 
151 Winters LaneCAmerican Legion
153 Winters LaneC 
166 Winters LaneC 
167 Winters LaneC 
168 Winters LaneC 
169 Winters LaneCCrescent Lodge #355
170 Winters LaneC 
171 Winters LaneC 
172 Winters LaneC 
174 Winters LaneC 
176 Winters LaneC 
177-179 Winters LaneC 
181 Winters LaneC 
182 Winters LaneC 
185 Winters LaneC 
199 Winters LaneC 
200 Winters LaneC 
201 Winters LaneC 
202 Winters LaneC 
204 Winters LaneC 
206 Winters LaneC 
207 Winters LaneC 
208 Winters LaneC 
210 Winters LaneC 
210-1/2 Winters LaneC 
221 Winters LaneC 
223 Winters LaneC 
300 Winters LaneC 
304 Winters LaneC 
306 Winters LaneC 
307 Winters LaneC 
308-310 Winters LaneC 
309 Winters LaneC 
311 Winters LaneC 
313 Winters LaneC 
600 Winters LaneC 
158 Winters LaneC 
160 Winters LaneC 
162 Winters LaneC 
164 Winters LaneCBA-2991 -- Morning Star Baptist Church Annex
10 Roberts AvenueC 
14 Roberts AvenueC 
18 Roberts AvenueNC 
165 Winters LaneNCMorning Star Baptist Church
302 Winters LaneNC 
180 Winters LaneNC 
154 Winters LaneNC 
136 Winters LaneNC 
112 Winters LaneNC 
113 Winters LaneNC 
8 Roberts AvenueNC 
89 Winters LaneNC 
18 Shipley AvenueNC 
73 Winters LaneNC 
5934 Leewood AvenueNC 
829 Edmondson AvenueNC 
900 Edmondson AvenueNC 
62-1/2 Winters LaneNC 
60 Winters LaneNC 


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