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Maryland's National Register Properties

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Auchentoroly Terrace Historic District
Inventory No.: B-5279
Date Listed: 9/17/2015
Location: Roughly bounded by Liberty Heights Avenue , Reisterstown Road, Fulton Avenue, and Auchentoroly Terrace, Baltimore, Baltimore City
Category: District
Period/Date of Construction: 1895-1925
Architect/Builder: Multiple
Resources: 93 (88 contributing, 5 non-contributing)
Description: The 21-block area that comprises the Auchentolory Terrace Historic District is a formerly affluent residential three- and two-story rowhouse community initially developed in the period 1895-1911 with large, stylish rowhouses facing Druid Hill Park and Gwynn's Falls Parkway. The section of the Historic District south of Orem Avenue was developed first and is filled with brown Roman brick Renaissance-Revival-style three- and two-story swell-front houses, built between 1895 and 1899. Beginning in 1897, the heirs of John Morris Orem, who owned the land north of Orem Avenue planned and laid out a new semi-suburban neighborhood centering around two wide parked boulevards--Auchentolory Terrace, facing Druid Hill Park to the east and north, and Gwynn's Falls Parkway (originally called Orem Park Place) leading from the park to Reisterstown Road. Orem's son, William Morris Orem, and son-in-law William H. West, first developed lots facing Auchentolory Terrace and Gwynn's Falls Parkway with very large three-story, three-bay-wide, bay window, porch-front houses with small front lawns. These houses are basically in the Renaissance Revival style, but many facing Auchentolory Terrace often also have Dutch end gables breaking the rooflines, stamped sheet metal decorations, and colored stone trim. The rowhouses on the interior streets were not built until about 1920, on land developed by the Auchentolory Company, which purchased much of the Orem family's undeveloped land. Most of these houses are large porch-front red brick Daylight-style houses with front lawns. The district also includes several three-story apartment buildings, one group built in 1912, the others in the early 1920s. Significance: The Auchentolory Terrace Historic District is historically significant for its association with the history of development in Baltimore, and for its architecture, comprising a substantially intact collection of residential buildings representative of the types and styles that characterized the city's affluent neighborhoods in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Mainly developed in the period 1895-1925 as a stylish residential neighborhood facing Baltimore's Druid Hill Park (1860), the district offered suburban-style rowhouses with front porches and front lawns in an area directly north of the city's affluent Jewish neighborhood centering around Eutaw Place. Because of residential segregation practices, Baltimore's German Jewish elite began migrating to the Eutaw Place area in the 1880s and 1890s, where they built elegant townhouses or bought large and elaborate rowhouses and built a number of synagogues. When developers began creating another stylish neighborhood further north, with large Renaissance-Revival style rowhouses built along parked terraces and facing the green expanses of Druid Hill Park, affluent Jewish families moved in, opened Park School in 1912, and built an important synagogue in 1921-1927. Like the three-story, bay-window, porch-front houses built in the same years north of upper Mt. Vernon in Peabody Heights (now Charles Village), these houses also had front lawns and deep porches and many were designed by the same architects and builders. After World War I, several Jewish-owned building companies filled the undeveloped lots in the Auchentolory Terrace area with large versions of the newly popular Daylight-style house, also with front porches and front lawns. The period of significance, 1895-1925, begins with the initial construction of housing in the district and ends when it was substantially built-out, achieving its present and historic form and appearance.

District Resources (93) (88 contributing, 5 non-contributing)

From associated listing in National Register nomination form. C = Contributing, NC = non-contributing, blank = not evaluated.

AddressStatusResource Name and MIHP (if any)
2700-2730 Parkwood AvenueC 
2732-2740 Parkwood Avenue C 
2800-2828 Parkwood AvenueC 
2830-2846 Parkwood AvenueC 
2201-2231 Ruskin AvenueC 
2801-2835 Woodbrook AvenueC 
2800-2836 Woodbrook AvenueC 
2843-2881 Woodbrook AvenueC 
2838-2862 Woodbrook AvenueC 
2870-2880 Woodbrook AvenueC 
2201-2211 Lynnbrook AvenueC 
2200-2210 Lynnbrook AvenueC 
2213-2215 Reisterstown RoadC 
2227-2241 Reisterstown RoadC 
2245-2249 Reisterstown RoadC 
2251-2261 Reisterstown RoadC 
2263-2273 Reisterstown RoadC 
2275-2285 Reisterstown RoadC 
2700-2722 Auchentoroly TerraceC 
2301-2313 Avalon AvenueC 
2302-2312 N. Fulton AvenueC 
2701-2731 Parkwood AvenueC 
2800-2820 Auchentoroly TerraceC 
2302-2312 Avalon AvenueC 
2801-2821 Parkwood AvenueC 
2301-2313 Edgemont AvenueC 
2900-2929 Auchentoroly TerraceC 
2300-2314 Edgemont AvenueC 
2823-2843 Parkwood AvenueC 
2301-2315 Ruskin AvenueC 
3000-3024 Auchentoroly TerraceC 
2300-2316 Ruskin A venueC 
2901-2923 Parkwood AvenueC 
2301-2317 Orem AvenueC 
2900-2922 Park wood A venueC 
2201-2243 Orem AvenueC 
2301-2323 Reisterstown RoadC 
2200-2238 Ruskin AvenueC 
3100-3112 Auchentoroly TerraceC 
2301-2307 Whittier AvenueC 
2309-2323 Whittier AvenueC 
3200-3226 Auchentoroly TerraceC 
2301-2331 Bryant AvenueC 
2300-2328 Whittier AvenueC 
3300-3310 Auchentoroly TerraceC 
3312-3326 Auchentoroly TerraceC 
2333-2339 Gwynn's Falls ParkwayC 
2329-2331 Gwynn's Falls ParkwayC 
2301-2327 Gwynn's Falls ParkwayC 
2300-2330 Bryant AvenueC 
2201 Gwynn's Falls ParkwayC 
2431-2441 Reisterstown RoadC 
2421-2429 Reisterstown RoadC 
2203-2217 Gwynn's Falls ParkwayC 
2219-2237 Gwynn's Falls ParkwayC 
2200-2218 Bryant A venueC 
2401-2419 Reisterstown RoadC 
2200-2220 Whittier A venueC 
2201-2221 Bryant AvenueC 
2325-2333 Reisterstown RoadC 
2201-2221 Whittier AvenueC 
3400-3430 Auchentoroly TerraceC 
3432-3434 Auchentoroly TerraceC 
3436 Auchentoroly TerraceC 
3438-3440 Auchentoroly TerraceC 
3442 Auchentoroly TerraceC 
3444-3454 Auchentoroly TerraceC 
2001 Liberty Heights AvenueCB-4501 -- Shareii Tfiloh Synagogue
3401-3413 Holmes A venueC 
3415-3425 Holmes AvenueC 
3501-3523 Holmes AvenueC 
2300-2316 Gwynn 's Falls ParkwayC 
3500-3516 Holmes AvenueC 
3501 Woodbrook AvenueC 
3503-3513 Woodbrook AvenueC 
2201-2211 Liberty Heights AvenueC 
 CFire Engine House No. 52
2301 Liberty Heights A venueC 
2203-2211 Liberty Heights AvenueC 
3501-3513 Reisterstown RoadC 
3500-3512 Woodbrook AvenueC 
2216-2244 Gwynn' s Falls ParkwayC 
3401-3409 Woodbrook AvenueC 
3400-3424 Holmes A venueC 
3417-3431 Reisterstown RoadC 
2200-2214 Gwynn's Falls ParkwayC 
3400-3416 Woodbrook AvenueC 
 CMount Hope Baptist Church
2217-2239 Reisterstown RoadNC 
2201-2211 Reisterstown RoadNC 
2214 Fulton AvenueNC 
SE comer Liberty Heights Avenue and Reisterstown RoadNC 
NE corner Reisterstown Road and Gwynn 's Falls ParkwayNCModern Mount Hope Baptist Church


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