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Maryland's National Register Properties

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Rosenstock Village Site
Inventory No.:
Other Name(s): Rosenstock I
Date Listed: 4/16/2018
Location: Frederick County
Category: site
Period/Date of Construction: 1335-1400 Late Woodland/Montgomery Complex
The nomination is marked Not for Public Access. Qualified Medusa accountholders should please contact the MHT Librarian for a copy.
Description: The Rosenstock Village Site is situated on a 7-meter high bluff overlooking the Monocacy River and is bounded by a ravine to the north and a small stream to the south. The Rosenstock site contains the remains of a Late Woodland Village characteristic of the Montgomery Complex, a cultural complex which is composed of Late Woodland sites located in the vicinity of the middle Potomac River. The main occupation of the site dates to between A.D. 1335 and A.D. 1400, a range based on artifact analysis and radiocarbon. Archaeological excavations at the site have uncovered an oval pattern of pits surrounding an open plaza that covers an area of approximately 1.5 acres. Several burials have been found at the site as well. The site was occupied by a Late Woodland riverine-oriented horticultural and hunting based society. In what little has been excavated, Rosenstock has yielded hundreds of thousands of artifacts and faunal remains. Some of the unique aspects of the Rosenstock village include a large sheet midden area and the presence of two semi-subterranean keyhole structures thought to represent sweatlodges. Following excavations of the site in 1979 and 1990-1992, it is estimated that 93% of the site remains undisturbed. Further research of the site has the potential to yield new and valuable information about Late Woodland culture including the origin, cultural affiliations, and interactions of the Montgomery Complex. The site is currently maintained as an open-air archaeological research preserve by The Archaeological Conservancy. Significance: The Rosenstock Village Site is eligible for the National Register of Historic Places since the site has yielded, and is likely to yield, information important in prehistory or history. The Rosenstock site has provided important sources of comparative information for the study of the Montgomery Complex and Late Woodland culture. The site is considerably intact with minimal disturbance through plowing and excavation. There is high potential for further research at the site, particularly focused on the area outside the refuse-filled pits. This research value of the Rosenstock site includes its potential to provide data relevant to domestic structures in Montgomery Complex sites, prehistoric industries, subsistence strategies, ritual practices, trade and other cultural interactions, and the origin and conclusion of the Montgomery Complex.


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