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Maryland's National Register Properties

Photo credit: Wayne Nield, 07/1977
La Veille
Inventory No.: CT-43
Date Listed: 9/20/1973
Location: Lavielle Road , Mutual, Calvert County
Category: Building
Period/Date of Construction: mid-late 18th century
Description: La Veille Place is a 1 1/2-story gambrel-roofed brick house, of Flemish bond construction. The principal (west) facade is six bays in length with the main entrance door occupying the third bay from the southwest corner. Above, on the lower slope of the roof, are four evenly spaced shed-roofed dormers. At each end of the house stand two exterior chimneys. The south end chimneys with staggered weatherings are connected at the base by a one-story brick pent with a 4-light casement window, a typical feature of mid-and late-18th century Southern Maryland architecture. Initially, the house was of an end hall and double parlor floor plan; the existing entrance door and the two windows toward the south end of the west elevation define the original facade. In the early 19th century a frame extension was made to the north end which doubled the house in size. It contained two ground floor rooms and had two large exterior end chimneys. Because of the deterioration this addition had suffered through misuse and neglect, all but the two chimneys had to be removed and replaced. The present addition is of brick construction and, on the exterior, is a near duplicate in detail to the earlier part. Windows on the first floor have 9/9 sash and the gable-roofed dormers of the second floor hold 6/6 sash windows. Between the chimneys on the south gable end are a narrow 4/4 sash window on the second floor and a narrow 4/2 sash window in the extreme peak of the attic. These windows are both surmounted by jack arches with peaked intrados. The interior of the house has several notable architectural features, including paneled walls and wainscoting. The present kitchen is housed in an addition attached to the main house at the east end of the north end elevation. This part of the house constitutes a renovation of an earlier, late-18th or early-19th century kitchen. Its large chimney with an expansive fireplace opening and built-in cooking equipment is positioned back to back with the northeast chimney of the main house. A number of early-19th century domestic dependencies offer a unique visual introduction to the farm proper. All of wooden construction, these include, among others, a log corn crib, three barns (one of which still houses its 19th century tobacco prise equipment in excellent condition), several small sheds, and an extremely interesting frame house that was created by the joining together of two 18th century log slave quarters (which had been 10 feet apart) by a frame center stair hall. At each end of the house stand large stone chimneys with garretted mortar joints and free standing stacks. All of the existing interior detail of the two rooms and hall are of an early Greek Revival character. The stair rises in one flight to a landing and then branches into two flights with winders. Between the "Quarters" and the main house is the La Veille family cemetery, enclosed within an elaborate late-19th century wrought iron fence. Significance: While La Veille Place has been altered at various times, the present wing is actually a sympathetic replacement of an earlier addition that was, by the time of the mid-20th century restoration, in a ruinous condition. However, except for this enlargement of the original house, the basic plan and detail of the original part has survived in much the same appearance as it was when first built. Because of the local architectural and historical significance associated with the La Veille Place and farm it is felt that these additions and alterations do not significantly alter its importance to Calvert County or to Southern Maryland. The uniqueness of many of the interior details of the house, its original plan and exterior features, as well as the number of surviving early domestic dependencies (notable among them the "Quarters"), and the sylvan setting with panoramic views of the Battle Creek valley that this house retains, are worthy of recognition and preservation on both a local and state level.


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