MHT File Photo, 06/1973
Sang Run, Sanging Ground Site
Period/Date of Construction:
c. A.D. 1000-1500
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Located on the east bank of Youghiogheny River, the area has been surface collected for many years, but the site was not excavated until the 1930s when several burials were removed. Possible firepits were also observed at that time. In 1949 six 5-foot squares were excavated revealing a dark black 9-inch plowzone strewn with broken bones and ceramics. Shell-tempered ceramics with plain surface treatment and limestone-tempered ceramics of the Monongahela complex are abundant. The site was tested by the Carnegie Museum in 1950-51 and recognized as a component of the Monongahela phase. Artifacts also include triangular points, pale green granite celts, cannel coal pendants, bone beads, and a square-bowled pipe of red hematite. Onondaga chert and black flint debitage is scattered throughout the area.
The Hoye Prehistoric Indian Village site, occupied from c. A.D. 1000-1500, is the southernmost late prehistoric village known in the Youghiogheny drainage area, and will be critical to studies of the prehistoric relationships between the upper Youghiogheny and Potomac watersheds. The site is the only known Late Woodland occupation in Garrett County which has not been extensively disturbed by construction or excavations. The limited excavations by an amateur archaeologist and the Carnegie Museum of Pittsburgh revealed fireplaces, storage pits, portions of post mold patterns, and animal bone refuse. Graves have also been found. The excellent preservation of faunal and possibly floral remains, the comparatively undisturbed nature of the site, and the location increase the site's potential significance in studies of settlement-subsistence systems of primitive horticulturalists in climatically marginal areas. The recovery of an Adena turkey tail projectile point from the site's surface suggests that the site has potential value in studies of the eastern dispersal of the Adena culture.