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Maryland's National Register Properties



Photo credit: Wayne Clark, 08/1974
Willin Village Archeological Site
Inventory No.:
Date Listed: 5/12/1975
Location: Dorchester County
Category: Site
The nomination is marked Not for Public Access. Qualified Medusa accountholders should please contact the MHT Librarian for a copy.
Description: This site was extensively excavated by the Sussex Society of Archeology and History between 1951 and 1953. The presence of grooved axes and stemmed points found on the surface of the site indicates some use by Archaic peoples. A small amount of grit-tempered ceramics was found on the surface and in the bottom of a few of the pits. The majority of the sherds, however, were shell-tempered ceramics of the Townsend and Rappahannock Series. Also, most of the projectile points found seem to have been triangular. Therefore, the site probably represents a short-term camp for Archaic peoples, and some Early or Middle Woodland peoples, but possibly as a village during the Late Woodland period. Significance: Excavation of the Willin site by amateur archaeologists in the 1950s revealed an abundance of subsurface features associated with at least three components of the Late Woodland period ca. A.D. 900-1500. The presence of storage pits, stained earth, and dense occupational debris suggests permanent occupation over an extended area. Because of its location and the excellent preservation of faunal remains, the site is potentially valuable for studies of changing exploitative systems of aboriginal cultures over time. Although partly excavated, available evidence indicates that a significant part of the site is intact. The site is one of 15 reported sites on the Delmarva Peninsula containing a Townsend component but is the only reported Townsend component on the peninsula not located along the marshes of the Atlantic Coast.

 

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