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Maryland's National Register Properties



Photo credit: LeRoy Moose Collection, 02/1976
Shoemaker III Village Archaeological Site
Inventory No.: F-6-19,
Date Listed: 9/5/1975
Location: Shoemaker Road , , Taneytown, , Frederick County
Category: Site
Period/Date of Construction: c. A.D. 900-1300
Description: The multicomponent Shoemaker III Village Archeological Site is located near the Monocacy River in the extreme northern section of Frederick County, Maryland. A small stream flowing to the north and west downcut its streambed on the first terrace here. The resultant peninsula of the second terrace has occupational debris scattered across the entire width and from the western stream cut to at least several hundred feet to the east. A rye cover crop has prevented delineation of the exact site boundaries but the artifacts observed were sufficient to confirm the site's location. The site has been known to amateur archeologists for decades but investigations have been limited to surface collections. The earliest component of the site is represented by two Lagoon type projectile points which are dated in the northeast from 520 B.C. to 100 B.C. Whether the site is stratified is unknown at this time. Selby Bay points found date to c. A.D. 100-500. The majority of projectile points are medium sized, triangular, and made of rhyolite. These resemble the Late Woodland Madison type. The ceramics represent several different types, including limestone-tempered Page Cord-Marked, crushed quartz-tempered Albemarle, and grit-tempered Shepard wares. Significance: The kind of pottery fragments, projectile points, and other artifacts which have been found on the surface of the Shoemaker III Site indicates an archeological site dating primarily to A.D. 900-1300. It is the northernmost Late Woodland village site known in the Monocacy basin and is potentially of critical importance to our understanding of prehistoric relationships between Indians of the Potomac and Susquehanna watersheds. The site has not been excavated and the silty soil types are probably excellent for preservation of the archeological record.

 

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