Skip to Main Content

Maryland's National Register Properties

Photo credit: Jennifer Falkinburg, 08/23/2003
Takoma Park Historic District
Inventory No.: M: 37-3, PG:65-12
Date Listed: 7/16/1976
Location: Takoma Park, Montgomery County
Category: District
Period/Date of Construction: 1883-1920s
Resources: 137 (129 contributing, 5 non-contributing)
Description: Takoma Park Historic District was platted in 1883 by developer Benjamin Franklin Gilbert, and promoted for its natural environment and healthy setting. Originally an early railroad suburb, the opening of streetcar lines led to the expansion of the district in the early 20th century. Takoma Park houses built between 1883 and 1900 were fanciful, turreted, multi-gabled affairs of Queen Anne, Stick Style, and Shingle Style influence. These first houses were substantial residences with spacious settings. Lots were deep and houses were set at least 40 feet from the street. By 1886, Takoma Park had a post office and a new railroad station, and the town's population had quadrupled by 1893. The start of streetcar service along Carroll Avenue in 1893 made the adjacent areas more attractive for residential development, leading to new subdivisions. The inexpensive electric streetcar, the availability of low-cost house plans and kit houses in combination with smaller lot sizes made homeownership in Takoma Park possible for individuals with more modest income levels than during the previous period. By 1922, the population soared to 4,144, making Takoma Park the tenth largest incorporated town in Maryland. The houses built in Takoma Park during the period between 1900 and 1930 reveal changing American tastes in house design from the elaborate ornamentation of the late-19th century dwellings to more practical, simplified designs. Many of these early-20th century houses reflect the aesthetics of the Arts and Crafts Movement, which emphasized the inherent nature of the building materials and structural elements for ornamentation. Similarly, they reflect a social trend towards a more informal, unpretentious style of living. Scores of Bungalows, and Craftsman-style houses and catalog-order houses were built in this era. After the turn of the 20th century, schools and libraries began to blossom, and several such community service buildings remain, although with new uses. Takoma Park's commercial districts retain their original early-20th century character. Most of these buildings are 1-2 story brick structures with simple ornamentation, although a few display characteristics of such styles as Art Deco and Tudor Revival. Significance: The Takoma Park Historic District, divided into two sections, is a residential community founded in the early 1880s which retains the original relationship of suburban structures to each other and to the town as a whole. The intentions of the town's founder, B.F. Gilbert, to create a sylvan suburb within easy reach of Washington, D.C., have continued to the present day. The district is in two parts in order to isolate those areas of Takoma Park which best represent the historic character of the town. The individual structures possess a sense of cohesiveness of design expressed in the rhythm established by the large lot sizes in relation to the buildings on them; in the vernacular expression of the popular architectural styles of the late 19th through early 20th centuries, including Queen Anne, Georgian Revival, and bungalow styles, in the predominance of wood as the principal building material in both shingle and clapboard exteriors, in the historical associations of Takoma Park with the American suburban movement as well as with the Seventh Day Adventist Church who chose Takoma Park for its headquarters in 1903, and, finally, the integrity of the district derives from an intangible impact of time and place on visitors.

District Resources (137) (129 contributing, 5 non-contributing)

From associated listing in National Register nomination form. C = Contributing, NC = non-contributing, blank = not evaluated.

AddressStatusResource Name and MIHP (if any)
612 Philadelphia AvenueC 
7301 Takoma AvenueC 
7323 Takoma AvenueC 
7700 Takoma AvenueCM: 37-3-1 -- Carroll House
7704 Takoma AvenueC 
7705 Takoma AvenueC 
7709 Takoma AvenueC 
7711 Takoma AvenueC 
7713 Takoma AvenueC 
7715 Takoma AvenueC 
7417 Buffalo AvenueC 
7422 Buffalo AvenueC 
7427 Buffalo AvenueC 
7300 Baltimore AvenueC 
7308 Baltimore AvenueC 
7311 Baltimore AvenueC 
7319 Baltimore AvenueC 
7325 Baltimore AvenueC 
7403 Baltimore AvenueC 
7407 Baltimore AvenueC 
7409 Baltimore AvenueC 
7307 Piney Branch RoadC 
7309 Piney Branch RoadC 
7311 Piney Branch RoadC 
7315 Piney Branch RoadC 
7410 Piney Branch RoadC 
7324 Piney Branch RoadC 
7105 Holly AvenueC 
7203 Holly AvenueC 
7206 Holly AvenueC 
7211 Holly AvenueCM: 37-3-5 -- Brown-Whitmer House
7210 Holly AvenueC 
7213 Holly AvenueC 
7214 Holly AvenueC 
7217 Holly AvenueC 
7216 Holly AvenueC 
7219 Holly AvenueC 
7301 Holly AvenueC 
7303 Holly AvenueC 
7304 Holly AvenueC 
7101 Cedar AvenueC 
7103 Cedar AvenueC 
7105 Cedar AvenueC 
7111 Cedar AvenueC 
7116 Cedar AvenueC 
7100 Cedar AvenueC 
7112 Cedar AvenueC 
7115 Cedar AvenueC 
7209 Cedar AvenueC 
7211 Cedar AvenueC 
7212 Cedar AvenueCM: 37-3-7 -- Milmoe Property
7214 Cedar AvenueC 
7221 Cedar AvenueC 
7204 Cedar AvenueC 
7309 Cedar AvenueC 
7421 Cedar AvenueC 
7300 Cedar AvenueC 
7102-7108 Maple AvenueC 
7116 Maple AvenueC 
7122 Maple AvenueC 
7124 Maple AvenueC 
7137 Maple AvenueC 
7139 Maple AvenueC 
7207 Maple AvenueC 
7209 Maple AvenueC 
7213 Maple AvenueC 
7219 Maple AvenueC 
7302 Maple AvenueC 
7208 Maple AvenueC 
7305 Maple AvenueC 
7310 Maple AvenueC 
7316 Maple AvenueC 
7402 Maple AvenueC 
7408 Maple AvenueC 
7410 Maple AvenueC 
7412 Maple AvenueC 
201 Tulip AvenueCM: 37-3-2 -- Thomas-Siegler House
210 Tulip AvenueC 
214 Tulip AvenueC 
7047 Eastern AvenueC 
7 Pine AvenueC 
10 Pine AvenueC 
25 Pine AvenueC 
27 Pine AvenueC 
17 Pine AvenueC 
19 Pine AvenueC 
5 Montgomery AvenueC 
10 Montgomery AvenueC 
15 Montgomery AvenueC 
20 Montgomery AvenueC 
24 Montgomery AvenueC 
4 Hickory AvenueC 
5 Hickory AvenueC 
6 Hickory AvenueC 
10 Hickory AvenueC 
14 Hickory AvenueC 
18 Hickory AvenueC 
22 Hickory AvenueC 
28 Hickory AvenueC 
30 Hickory AvenueC 
32 Hickory AvenueC 
33 Hickory AvenueC 
35 Hickory AvenueC 
37 Hickory AvenueC 
20 Columbia AvenueC 
23 Columbia AvenueC 
24 Columbia AvenueC 
7009 Poplar AvenueC 
7015 Poplar AvenueC 
7017 Poplar AvenueC 
7105 Poplar AvenueC 
7110 Poplar AvenueC 
7113 Poplar AvenueC 
7004 Sycamore AvenueC 
7007 Sycamore AvenueC 
7111 Sycamore AvenueC 
7116 Sycamore AvenueC 
7117 Sycamore AvenueC 
7119 Sycamore AvenueC 
7012 Woodland AvenueC 
7014 Woodland AvenueC 
7104 Woodland AvenueC 
7110 Woodland AvenueC 
7114 Woodland AvenueC 
7118 Woodland AvenueC 
403 Beech AvenueC 
7212 Willow AvenueC 
7226 Spruce AvenueC 
7120 Willow AvenueC 
1100 Linden Avenue (7101 New Hampshire)NCM: 37-3-10 -- Hillwood Manor Apartments
Fenton Street and New York Avenue (7600 Takoma Avenue)NCMontgomery College
Carroll AvenueNCTakoma Tower
400 Block of Tulip AvenueNCGarden Apartments
7100 Block of Maple Avenue, Carroll Avenue, and Willows AvenueNCCommercial Buildings
50 and 54 Elm Avenue  
7126 Sycamore Avenue M: 37-3-4 -- Treadwell House
7025 Eastern Avenue M: 37-3-8 -- R.W. Shufeldt House


Return to the National Register Search page