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Maryland's National Register Properties

Photo credit: Mark R. Edwards, 05/1979
Yellow Brick House
Inventory No.: WI-9
Date Listed: 5/22/1978
Location: 22342 Capitola Road (MD 352) , Coxs Corner, Wicomico County
Category: Building
Period/Date of Construction: c. 1815-1820
Description: Moorfield, or the Yellow Brick House, is a Federal-style brick dwelling of two stories, five bays wide and three deep. The front facade, to the south, has a central entrance (boarded up), and is laid in three-course common bond, while the other facades are in five-course common bond. Each of the 9/6 sash window openings features a wooden jack arch with a center keyblock. Finishing the base of the roof is an elaborate boxed cornice featuring paired modillion blocks that taper inward in a graceful curve. Flush chimneys rise from either gable end of the house. The west gable end is three bays wide, with two 6/6 sash windows in the attic gable. To the east gable end has recently been attached a two-story three-bay frame wing, which covers the southern two thirds of the facade, and was constructed to replace a former wing which had been removed. The north bay holds a 9/6 window on each level, also with wooden jack arches. The first floor arch has no keyblock. The attic gable also holds 6/6 sash windows on the east end. The north facade of the building follows the same symmetrical fenestration as the front wall, with a central entrance and flanking 9/6 sash windows. The flush six-panel door features a narrow beaded edge that frames each door panel. The door reveals are paneled in the same manner. Fixed between the doorway and the overhead transom is a narrow lintel embellished with an intricate row of gougework. The base of the roof is finished with the same paired block cornice found on the front of the house. Shutter hardware remains on several of the windows of the house. On the interior, the first floor consists of three rooms and a stair hall. On the second floor, three chambers open from the U-shaped passageway which leads to a staircase to the attic. The staircase boasts an early-19th century turned newel post and slender rectangular balusters that support a circular profile handrail. Significance: Although an exact date has not surfaced for the construction of the impressive Moorfield House, the common bond walls, the tall and narrow proportions of the two-story, four-room plan dwelling coupled with the distinct Federal character of the exterior and interior finishes, suggest the building program took place around 1815-1820. Particularly fine architectural finishes include the paired block cornices that define the base of the roof as well as the keyblock jack arches that span the 9/6 sash windows. Interior brick bearing walls divide the first-floor rooms with the stairhall occupying the southwest corner. The Yellow Brick House is one of the largest Federal-style dwellings extant in Wicomico County. This simple house has little architectural decoration and a refined, conservative appearance characteristic of Federal architecture.


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