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Maryland's National Register Properties

Photo credit: Richard J. Brand, 05/10/2000
Inventory No.: F-1-12
Date Listed: 9/24/1979
Location: 1242 New Design Road, Adamstown, Frederick County
Category: Building
Period/Date of Construction: 1866
Architect/Builder: Builder: John B. Thomas
Description: Saleuado is an L-shaped, two-story house of brick laid in common bond on a fieldstone basement. Facing east, the principal facade is five bays wide. The main entrance, a four-panel door with recessed paneling, sidelights, and a seven-light transom, is located in the center bay. On either side of it is a 6/6 sash, double-hung window with paneling below and long louvered shutters. These three bays are sheltered by a one-story porch built on a brick foundation with four wood columns supporting a roof with ornate bracketing all along the frieze. The other openings on this facade also contain 6/6 sash and have louvered shutters. On either side of the porch is a grilled window at the basement level. All window and door openings in the house have wood lintels, either flat with a molding across the top or a pattern made up of blocks and two bands of reeding. To the rear of the main block is a two-story brick wing with a two-story open frame porch which faces south. A four-panel door with three-light transom enters onto the porch from the first and second levels. This wing is contemporary with the main block. The gable roof is covered with slate; a stepped brick cornice runs under the eaves. Four interior brick chimneys extend from the house in the north and south gables and from the center and west gable of the rear addition. Significance: Saleaudo is important as a cultural resource in Frederick County not only for its fine regional architectural style and detailing, but also for the unusual murals painted by Brumidi and Castaggini in the entrance hall of the house. The murals and painted decoration in the hallway are believed to have been painted by Constantino Brumidi and Filip Castaggini. Both itinerant Italian artists, they reportedly came to Frederick County in search of work during a slack period in the interior painting of the Capitol building in Washington. The colors, figures, and border treatment of the murals are very similar to those painted by Brumidi in the Capitol. Saleaudo is architecturally significant as a fine example of a vernacular style common to 19th century north central Maryland and south central Pennsylvania. The two-story, five-bay main block with long, perpendicular rear wing containing a recessed double porch on the south side is this basic form. The interior woodwork with corner blocks and the central hall plan are also typical of this type of architecture. The frescoes are what make this structure stand out from the others of its type. The draped figures contrast sharply with the traditional structure. They are significant for their uniqueness in this setting and for their alleged connection with Brumidi and Castaggini, two of the painters who worked on the Capitol in Washington.


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