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Maryland's National Register Properties

Photo credit: C. Kennedy, 09/1986
Inventory No.: M: 35-12
Other Name(s): Wells Estate, Audubon Society Headquarters
Date Listed: 3/20/1980
Location: 8940 Jones Mill Road , Chevy Chase, Montgomery County
Category: Building,Site
Period/Date of Construction: 1927-28
Architect/Builder: Architect: John Russell Pope
Description: This Georgian Revival house was built in 1927-1928 on the site of Clean Drinking Manor and is now owned by the Audubon Society. Built upon ashlar block foundations, the house is a 2 1/2-story, 7 by 5 bay I-shaped building with Flemish bonded brick walls and brick quoins. The north elevation entrance is through a wooden paneled door surmounted by a rectangular transom with a fanlight tracery design and flanked by two stone columns. The entire composition is surmounted by a denticulated rounded pediment. On the west elevation, a large curved patio connects the north and south wings and leads to the broken pedimented west doorway, which is flanked by applied pilasters with acanthus capitals. The paired French doors have eight lights each, surmounted by four-light transoms. There are 6/6 sash windows in the main portion of the house except for the northeast kitchen wing. There is a Palladian window on the east elevation at the stairway landing between the first and second stories. The house has a low hipped roof with a stone balustrade at the outer perimeter of the roof, which is covered by raised-steam metal roofing and has dentils and egg-and-dart molding at the cornice line. There are four large chimneys, two on either end. The interior of the building features marble tiles, wooden paneling, elaborately carved mantels and marble mantels. Apart from the marble tiles in an octagonal entrance hall, the first floor has random-width pegged wooden flooring. Also on the property is a brick garage/gatehouse with casement windows and a hip roof. Significance: The house at Woodend is a fine specimen of Georgian Revival domestic architecture by the prominent eclectic classicist John Russell Pope, one of America's foremost "establishment" architects in the 1920s and 1930s. The estate is additionally significant for its adoption as the home of the Audubon Naturalist Society of the Central Atlantic States, a private conservation organization founded in 1897 (predating the National Audubon Society), which now manages Woodend as a nature preserve in the midst of dense suburban development.


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