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Maryland's National Register Properties

Photo credit: Jennifer K. Cosham, 04/26/2006
Henry Nelson House
Inventory No.: F-8-14
Date Listed: 12/4/1980
Location: 10822 Gas House Pike, Mount Airy, Frederick County
Category: Building
Period/Date of Construction: early 19th century
Description: The Henry Nelson House is an early-19th century coursed stone rubble house which is 2 1/2 stories high with a tin-covered gable roof, three-bay symmetrical facade, interior brick end chimneys, and a corbeled brick cornice. The house sits on the side of a hill facing east with the full east wall of the basement exposed. A frame one-story porch (probably c. 1920) extends along the facade and south side. The principal windows of the structure have double-hung wooden sashes with 6/6 lights and are mounted in narrow frames which appear to be original. A few of the windows retain exterior shutters. The gables have two four-light casement windows in each. The principal entrance to the house is through a narrow doorway in the central bay of the facade. The doorway has two three-panel doors beneath a four-light rectangular transom and appears to be original. The only other entrance is in the east foundation wall and has a replacement door. Also located on the property are a barn, log springhouse, and a small log house. Significance: The Henry Nelson House is significant for its architectural qualities as possibly the best example (due to its integrity) of a type of domestic architecture found in the New Market region of Frederick County. The distinctive characteristics embodied in these structures and intact in the Henry Nelson House are a closed stairway sandwiched between two rooms, drawers built into the window sills (here in both first floor rooms), and a wooden cross built into the outside walls of the first floor rooms (no explanation for these crosses is known). The closed stairway is usually centrally located and just inside the front entrance. Of all the known examples of the houses containing these features, the Henry Nelson House is the one which best retains its integrity.


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