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Maryland's National Register Properties

Photo credit: Douglass C. Reed, 07/1982
Hagerstown Commercial Core Historic District
Inventory No.: WA-HAG-143
Date Listed: 1/17/1983
Location: Hagerstown, Washington County
Category: District
Period/Date of Construction: late 19th-early 20th century
Resources: 118 (94 contributing, 22 non-contributing)
Description: The Hagerstown Commercial Core Historic District consists approximately of a 1 1/2 by 2 block rectangle which includes the major retail center of town. The center of the district is the public square which is formed by the junction of Potomac and Washington Streets, the two major traffic arteries in the city. The district extends one half block east of the public square, north to Franklin Street, west to Summit-Jonathan Streets, and east to Antietam Street. It is made up almost entirely of commercial buildings constructed or remodeled for retail purposes during the last 20 years of the 19th century and the first 20 years of the 20th century. This 40 year period represents the peak of Hagerstown's prosperity. Exceptions to the commercial character of the district but integral to it are two prominently located government structures, the Washington County Courthouse built in 1874, and the City Hall. The Courthouse is prominently located at the corner of Summit Avenue and West Washington Street. The City Hall at the corner of East Franklin and North Potomac Streets was built in 1939 on the site of an early 19th century city hall. It is also in a key location. These two public buildings helped to establish the direction of commercial growth along Washington and Potomac Streets primarily and the Franklin and Summit-Jonathan Streets secondarily. Most of the buildings within the district retain the architectural characteristics of the period of their significance and provide a showcase of late 19th and early 20th century commercial styles. Significance: The Hagerstown Commercial Core Historic District is significant for its portrayal of the economic growth and development of the city, and for its architecture as a showcase of late 19th and early 20th century commercial styles. Hagerstown has been since the 18th century a commercial center for not only Washington County, of which it is the county seat, but of a larger tri-state area which includes southern Franklin County, Pennsylvania and the eastern panhandle of West Virginia. During the late 19th century, Hagerstown became a leading manufacturing city in Maryland with the production among other goods of furniture and organs. It also became a rail center. These industries resulted in a great population growth and a commercial boom period that occurred between 1880 and 1920. This economic boom is reflected in the almost total redevelopment and transformation of the downtown commercial area during that period. Large hotels catering to rail and automobile travelers were built and commercial establishments were either remodeled or built new to reflect the prosperity. Several architectural styles seemed to predominate, although not to the exclusion of other styles. The favored architectural expression was the Italianate style, followed chronologically by Beaux Arts or neo classical modes and finally by the simple rectilinear commercial vernacular of the early 20th century. Pivotal buildings in the district are the Washington County Courthouse and the Hagerstown City Hall which helped to establish the direction of commercial growth along West Washington and North Potomac Streets.

District Resources (118) (94 contributing, 22 non-contributing)

From associated listing in National Register nomination form. C = Contributing, NC = non-contributing, blank = not evaluated.

AddressStatusResource Name and MIHP (if any)
24-32 Jonathan StreetC 
38 Summit AvenueC 
62-64 W. Antietam StreetC 
60 W. Antietam StreetC 
101-103 S. Potomac StreetC 
57-59 S. Potomac Street (MD 65)CWA-HAG-077 -- Colonial Hotel
47-53 S. Potomac Street (MD 65)CWA-HAG-074 -- Heist Building
43-45 S. Potomac Street (MD 65)CWA-HAG-072 -- Hager Hotel
41 & 41 1/2 S. Potomac StreetCWA-HAG-071 -- Modern Shoe Building
39 S. Potomac Street (MD 65)CWA-HAG-070 -- Majestic Restaurant & Union Hall
25-29 S. Potomac Street (MD 65)C 
13-19 S. Potomac StreetCWA-HAG-062 -- Edison Apartments (Lakin Apartments)
7-11 S. Potomac Street (MD 65)C 
1-3 S. Potomac Street (MD 65)CWA-HAG-057 -- Professional Arts Building (Ramacciotti P.A.B.)
90-96 W. Washington StreetCWA-HAG-119 -- Hamilton Hotel (Hotel Hamilton, Hamilton Plaza)
50 Summit AvenueCWA-HAG-141 -- Dagmar Hotel (Dagmar Hall)
28 Summit AvenueC 
26 Summit AvenueC 
95 W. Washington StreetCWA-HAG-120 -- Washington County Courthouse
21-25 S. Potomac Street (MD 65)CWA-HAG-063 -- Maryland Theatre (interior)
12-14 S. Potomac Street (MD 65)CWA-HAG-061 -- Colonial Theatre (façade)
21 Summit AvenueCWA-HAG-094 -- Old Washington County Library Building (Garland Groh Foundation Building)
44-62 W. Franklin StreetCWA-HAG-157 -- U.S. Post Office
50-54 S. Potomac Street (MD 65)CWA-HAG-075 -- Masonic Temple
43-47 W. Washington StreetCWA-HAG-109 -- Updegraff's Hat, Glove, and Fur Manufactory
49-53 W. Washington StreetCWA-HAG-110 -- Updegraff's Building
55-59 W. Washington StreetCWA-HAG-112 -- Farmers & Merchants Bank Building
49 Summit AvenueCWA-HAG-095 -- Walker House (Wright-Spiecher & Gardner Insurance)
56-58 S. Potomac StreetCWA-HAG-076 -- Sekula Property
14-16 E. Antietam StreetC 
46-48 S. Potomac Street (MD 65)CWA-HAG-073 -- Moss Building
38-40 S. Potomac Street (MD 65)C 
32-36 S. Potomac Street (MD 65)C 
28 S. Potomac Street (MD 65)C 
6-8 S. Potomac Street (MD 65)CWA-HAG-059 -- Moose Lodge
2-4 S. Potomac Street (MD 65)C 
6-8 Public Square (and 3-19 E. Washington Street)CWA-HAG-089 -- Alexander Inn
10 Public SquareC 
12-16 Public SquareC 
10-12 E. Washington StreetC 
101 W. Washington StreetCWA-HAG-122 -- First National Bank Building (Nicodemus National Bank Building, Peoples National Bank)
25-29 Summit AvenueC 
31 Summit AvenueC 
18 E. Washington StreetC 
2-4 N. Potomac Street (MD 60)C 
6-12 N. Potomac Street (MD 60)C 
107-109 1/2 W. Franklin StreetCWA-HAG-144 -- Wolf Building
101 W. Franklin StreetCWA-HAG-151 -- Grunnell Building
55-57 Jonathan StreetC 
49-51 Jonathan StreetC 
36-38 Jonathan StreetC 
48-56 Jonathan StreetC 
69-71 W. Franklin StreetC 
65-67 W. Franklin StreetC 
63 W. Franklin StreetC 
59-61 W. Franklin StreetC 
55-57 W. Franklin StreetC 
53 W. Franklin StreetC 
49-51 W. Franklin StreetC 
47 W. Franklin StreetC 
80-82 W. Washington StreetCWA-HAG-118 -- Maryland National Bank Building (First National Bank Building, Second National Bank Building)
72-78 W. Washington StreetCWA-HAG-116 -- Earles Building
66-70 W. Washington StreetCWA-HAG-115 -- Katz Jewelers/Twig Shop
60-62 W. Washington StreetC 
1 W. Franklin StreetCWA-HAG-004 -- City Hall
17-21 E. Franklin StreetCWA-HAG-005 -- The Roslyn
100 N. Potomac Street (MD 60)C 
18 E. Franklin StreetC 
101 N. Potomac StreetC 
16-18 W. Franklin StreetCWA-HAG-008 -- Knights of Pythias Castle
20-22 W. Franklin StreetC 
24-26 W. Franklin StreetC 
28-30 W. Franklin StreetC 
34-36 W. Franklin StreetC 
64-66 W. Franklin StreetC 
32-48 W. Washington StreetCWA-HAG-107 -- Routzahn Building, Balwin House, and Warehouse (Arcade Building & Academy Theater)
23 W. Franklin StreetCWA-HAG-223 -- Pioneer Hook & Ladder Company
13-15 W. Franklin StreetC 
7-11 W. Franklin StreetCWA-HAG-152 -- Albert Building
17-19 W. Franklin StreetC 
47-51 N. Potomac Street (MD 60)CWA-HAG-031 -- Max Simon Building
51-53 N. Potomac Street (MD 60)C 
41-45 N. Potomac Street (MD 60)C 
35-39 N. Potomac Street (MD 60)C 
21-25 W. Washington StreetC 
27 W. Washington StreetCWA-HAG-106 -- Kohler Building
36-40 N. Potomac Street (MD 60)C 
11-15 N. Potomac Street (MD 60)C 
5-9 N. Potomac Street (MD 60)C 
26-30 W. Washington StreetCWA-HAG-105 -- Hays Building
25-27 N. Potomac Street (MD 60)C 
4-6 W. Washington StreetC 
20 Public Square (also 2-4 W. Washington Street)CWA-HAG-150 -- Fleisher Building (Saum-Wicklein Building)
1-3 N. Potomac Street (MD 60)CWA-HAG-016 -- D. Ramaciotti Building (Rocky's New York Pizza)
17-19 N. Potomac Street (MD 60)NC 
18-20 W. Washington StreetNCWA-HAG-103 -- Eyerly Building
14-16 W. Washington StreetNC 
44-46 N. Potomac Street (MD 60)NC 
33-39 W. Washington StreetNCWA-HAG-108 -- Washington County Office Building
29-33 N. Potomac Street (MD 60)NC 
68-70 W. Franklin StreetNC 
100 W. Franklin StreetNC 
50-56 W. Washington StreetNCWA-HAG-111 -- McCrory Building
16 N. Potomac Street (MD 60)NC 
24-28 N. Potomac Street (MD 60)NCWA-HAG-023 -- site
32-34 N. Potomac Street (MD 60)NC 
33 Summit AvenueNC 
14 E. Washington StreetNC 
61-65 W. Washington StreetNCWA-HAG-114 -- Farmers & Merchants Bank Annex
75-83 W. Washington StreetNCWA-HAG-117 -- Hagerstown Trust Company
24 Summit AvenueNC 
44 Summit AvenueNC 
40 Summit AvenueNC 
1-4 Public SquareNCWA-HAG-088 -- Peoples Drug Store
15 W. Washington StreetNC 
17-19 W. Washington StreetNCWA-HAG-102 -- Glick's Shoe Store Building, site
218 W. Washington Street WA-HAG-233 -- St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church
31-35 S. Potomac Street (MD 65) WA-HAG-068 -- First Hose Fire Company Building


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