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Maryland's National Register Properties

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Bumpstead Archeological Site
Inventory No.:
Date Listed: 12/16/1983
Location: Cecil County
Category: Site
Period/Date of Construction: 8000 B.C. -1000 A.D.
Related Multiple Property Record: Prehistoric Quarries of the Delaware Chalcedony Complex
The nomination is marked Not for Public Access. Qualified Medusa accountholders should please contact the MHT Librarian for a copy.
Description: The Bumpstead site is located on a small knoll which is bounded on the south by a wooded area, 40 meters north of a small stream. It consists of a primary lithic reduction area with an associated hunting and processing component. Primary and secondary biface rejects, flake tools, and extensive debitage of predominantly black chert were identified. Components of the Late Archaic and Middle Woodland periods are represented by side-notched and stemmed projectile points. Eight temporally diagnostic points were recovered, and five of these were manufactured from local chert and jasper. Significance: The site is one of three closely associated late stage reduction sites in the area at the time surveyed. The lithic tool production process was carried out during short duration habitation in the proximity of a local source of high quality black chert. Therefore, the surface collection of this site yields cultural material indicating both tool manufacturing and camp-related subsistence activities. The sites listed in the Delaware Chalcedony Complex Thematic Group contain artifacts indicative of the entire series of tool production activities for the prehistoric inhabitants of the Upper Delmarva Peninsula region. For most prehistoric groups of this region stone tools were the basis of their food procurement and processing activities and the manufacture of these tools was a critical activity in their lives. Therefore, the sites in this particular group provide an opportunity to study an important activity of prehistoric groups that should shed considerable light on their adaptations and lifeways. The significance of the sites in this group is underscored by the fact that the cryptocrystalline outcrops of the Delaware Chalcedony Complex are unique to the Upper Delmarva Peninsula. Each site represents one or more spatially separated stages in the sequence of lithic procurement and utilization. Therefore, the sites must be considered collectively, within the context of the group, in order to illustrate the entire process.


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