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Maryland's National Register Properties



Photo credit: F.B. Shoken, 08/1984
Loft Historic District South
Inventory No.: B-4094
Date Listed: 1/3/1985
Location: 500 Block W. Pratt Street & 100 Block S. Paca Street, Baltimore, Baltimore City
Category: District
Period/Date of Construction: c. 1890-1905
Boundary Description: Bounded by Greene Street, Lemmon Street, Paca Street, Pratt Street and Dover Street
Resources: 4 (4 contributing, 0 non-contributing)
Description: The Loft Historic District South includes seven large brick manufacturing buildings on both sides of the 500 block of West Pratt Street near the University of Maryland campus in downtown Baltimore. Of the seven buildings, four have been converted into a loft apartment building complex known as the Greenhouse, two are in the process of being converted into an office building complex, and one is still used for manufacturing. These 19th to early 20th century vertical manufactories are stylistically representative of Romanesque, Victorian, and early modern industrial architecture. Most of the buildings are from five to nine stories in height, but two are only two stories high. They feature a variety of architectural details including decorative brickwork, large arched openings, multi-pane industrial windows, and classical detailing. Next to the Loft Historic District North area, this grouping is the largest and most noteworthy loft-style streetscape in downtown Baltimore. All of the buildings within the district boundaries contribute to the character of the historic district. Significance: The Loft Historic District South area is architecturally significant for its excellent, massive, brick vertical manufactories which date from 1890 to 1905 and represent an excellent streetscape of large, Victorian, Romanesque, and Neo-Classical early modern industrial designs in Baltimore. They are the works of important local architects including George Archer and Simonson & Pietsch. The buildings are noteworthy as local adaptations of industrial designs in other American cities by such noteworthy nationally important architects as Henry L. Sullivan. Historically, this area housed some of Baltimore’s leading industrial firms, especially clothing manufacturers. It was in this area that Baltimore’s garment industry grew to national importance. The district takes in some of the most notable firms of late 19th century Baltimore industry including Sonneborn & Company. The district is also associated with the important people who owned and ran these companies and helped guide the City’s development in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

District Resources (4) (4 contributing, 0 non-contributing)

From associated listing in National Register nomination form. C = Contributing, NC = non-contributing, blank = not evaluated.

AddressStatusResource Name and MIHP (if any)
519-531 W. Pratt StreetCB-1075 -- Inner Harbor Lofts II (Erlanger Buildings)
536-542 W. Pratt StreetCB-2331 -- The Marco Building, site
110 S. Paca StreetCB-2330 -- Paca-Pratt Building (Sonneborn Building )
519-521 W. Pratt StreetC 

 

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